The prevention and control of communicable diseases are important public health tasks. Therefore certain infectious diseases are subject to compulsory notification. This is primarily necessary to identify infection sources and to initiate appropriate measures. Moreover, continuous and timely epidemiological monitoring is a prerequisite for the targeted planning and implementation of preventive measures. To this effect, the temporal and spatial occurrence of notifiable infectious diseases has to be recorded routinely - this is done with the help of the Epidemiological Notification System (EMS) by the entry of physicians, hospitals and laboratories.
The vast majority of notifiable diseases are bacterial foodborne infections: Almost half of all notifiable cases recorded in 2019 can be assigned to this disease group - whereby the majority of foodborne bacterial infections (namely around 90%) are caused by campylobacter or salmonella.
In 2019, 6,525 cases of campylobacteriosis were reported - this means 73.5 infections
per 100,000 of population. The second most common notifiable intestinal
disease is salmonella
infection (21.0 cases per 100,000 of the population in 2019).
Since 2009, its number has decreased significantly from 2,605 to 1,865
A good ninth of all notifiable infections registered in 2019 belongs to the group of hepatitis diseases. Hepatitis B (1,084 cases) and hepatitis C (1,094 cases) accounted for 46% and 47% of these communicable illnesses respectively.
In 2019, whooping cough (2,231 notifications or 25.1 cases per 100,000 of the population) and venereal diseases (2,181 notifications, including 1,601 cases of gonorrhoea and 580 cases of syphilis) made up an above-average proportion of notifiable infectious diseases. Tuberculosis was reported in 479 cases (this is 31% less than ten years ago). In addition, 106 cases of TBE and 151 cases of measles were notified.
Further information on notifiable infectious diseases is available from the Department of Infection Epidemiology and Surveillance, Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES) and the Federal Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection (where information on HIV/AIDS can also be found; only in German).
|Results (overview): Reported cases of notifiable diseases since 2010|
|Reported cases of notifiable diseases 2019 by NUTS-2|
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 21.09.2020