The prevention and control of communicable diseases are essential public health tasks. For this reason, certain infectious diseases are subject to compulsory notification. Notifiable diseases are recorded by means of the Epidemiological Reporting System (EMS) by entry of practising physicians as well as hospitals and laboratories. In this way, notifiable infectious diseases are routinely and systematically recorded.
The data on diseases registered in the EMS provide the basis for the control of measures in the field of disease control and prevention. They allow ongoing observation of regional developments at the actual time margin and the identification of disease clusters; both are central prerequisites for controlling the spread of diseases and informing the public with up-to-date facts and figures.
With the outbreak of the COVID
The number of other notifiable diseases decreased
by more than a quarter from 2019 to 2020. Whereas around 20,700 notifiable
diseases were reported to the EMS in 2019, around 14,600 were registered
in 2020 (excluding COVID
Of the notifiable infections aside from COVID
Hepatitis viruses caused a good 19% fewer cases of illness
compared to the previous year. Of the 1,896 infections reported in 2020,
half were due to hepatitis B viruses (948 cases,
Tuberculosis was reported in 388 cases (this is 56% less than ten years ago and 18% less than in 2019), furthermore 25 cases of measles were reported - again showing a decrease of more than 83% compared to the previous year 2019 (2019: 151 diseases).
The increase in the number of illnesses caused by early summer meningoencephalitis viruses in 2020 is remarkable. With 250 TBE cases, the highest value to date was recorded in 2020. Their number increased by almost 136% within one year (2019: 106 reports, 2010: 59 reports).
Further information on notifiable infectious diseases is available from the Department of Infection Epidemiology and Surveillance, Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES) and the Federal Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection (where information on HIV/AIDS can also be found; only in German).
|Results (overview): Reported cases of notifiable diseases since 2010|
|Reported cases of notifiable diseases 2020 by NUTS-2|
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 17.09.2021