The prevention and control of communicable diseases are important public health tasks. Therefore certain infectious diseases are subject to compulsory notification. This is primarily necessary to identify infection sources and to initiate appropriate measures. Moreover, continuous and timely epidemiological monitoring is a prerequisite for the targeted planning and implementation of preventive measures. To this effect, the temporal and spatial occurrence of notifiable infectious diseases has to be recorded routinely - this is done with the help of the Epidemiological Notification System (EMS) by the entry of physicians, hospitals and laboratories.
The vast majority of notifiable diseases are bacterial foodborne infections: Half of all notifiable cases recorded in 2018 can be assigned to this disease group - whereby the majority of foodborne bacterial infections (namely around 91%) are caused by campylobacter or salmonella.
In 2018, 7,982 cases of campylobacteriosis were reported - this is an increase of about 89% over the last ten years (this increase is partly caused by a change in reporting behaviour). Per 100,000 of population, 90.3 cases of campylobacteriosis were recorded recently.
The second most common notifiable disease is salmonella infection
(17.4 cases per 100,000 of the population in 2018). Since 2008, its
number has decreased significantly from 2,799 to 1,535
Almost one eighth of all notifiable infections registered in 2018 belongs to the group of hepatitis diseases. Hepatitis B (1,134 cases) and hepatitis C (1,152 cases) each accounted for 46% of these communicable illnesses.
In 2018, whooping cough (2,202 notifications or 24.9 cases per 100,000
of the population) and venereal diseases (1,815 notifications, including 1,194 cases
of gonorrhoea and 621 cases of syphilis) made up an above-average proportion
of notifiable infectious diseases. Tuberculosis was reported in 480 cases (this is 41% less than
ten years ago), and 171 cases of TBE
Further information on notifiable infectious diseases is available from the Department of Infection Epidemiology and Surveillance, Austrian Agency for Health and Food Safety (AGES) and the Federal Ministry of Social Affairs, Health, Care and Consumer Protection (where information on HIV/AIDS can also be found).
|Results (overview): Reported cases of notifiable diseases since 2008|
|Reported cases of notifiable diseases 2018 by NUTS-2|
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