Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries January 2021

2020 Household Projection

Projection of Private Households for Austria and the NUTS 2 regions till 2080

The number of households in Austria will increase from 3.65 million (2011) to 4.19 million (+14.9%) until 2030, and to 4.66 million (+27.7%) in the year 2080. The increase of single-person households (+48.6% until 2080) will amount about three times the growth of the households with two or more persons (+15.8%). Consequently, the average household size declines. Among the households with two or more persons the quantity of two- and three-person households will increase, the number of those with four or five persons will stay more or less stable whereas the number of bigger households will decline.

Health determinants and risk factors

Sociodemographic impacts - Results of the Austrian Health Survey 2019

24% of men and 18% of women in Austria smoke daily. This means a decline in smoking rates compared to 2014 by three percentage points for men and 4.3 for women. The proportion of obese persons among the population has increased by two percentage points since 2014. Almost half of the Austrian population does at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity physical activity throughout the week and thus complies with a recommendation of the WHO. Young men in particular are physically active. Living conditions and social status have an influence on the health behaviour of a person. The main findings are that primarily education, but also income or a foreign background do have an impact on health behaviour. For example, a low educational level is frequently related to health risk factors such as smoking and obesity.

Aquaculture Production in 2019

The aquaculture production statistics is based on the EU Regulation No. 762/2008 and has to be reported to Eurostat annually. In 2019 the production of fish for human consumption (direct sales or for the market) amounted to 4 250 tonnes, which is 4.1% more than in 2018. The main food fish categories were rainbow and salmon trouts (1 417 tonnes), common carps (619 tonnes) and brook trouts (562 tonnes). The data basis for the statistics of food fish production was derived from 500 active fish farms. In 2019 the production in hatcheries and nurseries amounted to 20.4 million eggs and 21.1 million juveniles of all ages. The majority of the egg production referred to brown and lake trouts (4.2 million), rainbow and salmon trouts (2.5 million) as well as brook trouts (2.5 million). The best represented species among juvenile fish production related to rainbow and salmon trouts (4.9 million), brown and lake trouts (3.3 million) as well as brook trouts (1.8 million).

Game Statistics in 2019/2020

With a total of 838 000 game shot in the hunting year 2019/2020 the number increased by 13.8% compared to the season before. Thereof the number of furred game shot (691 000; +12.5%) and the number of game birds shot (147 000; +20.3%) increased both. Further 131 000 annual permits for game hunting (-0.5%) were valid during this season and 12 000 guest hunter permits (-4.5%) were released.

Wage Tax Statistics 2019

In the year 2019, a total of 7 155 815 taxpayers were registered in wage tax statistics, of whom 4 681 056 were employees and 2 474 759 were pensioners. Compared with 2018, the number of taxpayers increased by 1.3%. Gross earnings rose by 4.4% to a volume of EUR 212 271.1 million. The total wage tax yield amounted to EUR 29 408.5 million; it increased by 4.6% compared to the previous year. A total of 3 595 500 taxpayers or 50.2% were men, 3 560 315 were women. Men got 61.1% of gross earnings and contributed 69.5% of the tax revenue. 24.3% of all taxpayers were not liable for paying wage tax as they were below the taxation threshold. 5.6 million taxpayers had only one pay slip (employment or pension) in the year under review, while 1.6 million had more than one pay slip.

Almost three quarters (72.5%) of all employees – some 3.4 million people – received pay throughout the entire year. Overall, they received 90.7% of the gross earnings of all employees. In contrast, about 1.3 million employees were not employed for the entire year. This group predominantly comprised unemployed, people on maternity/paternity leave and holiday trainees, all of whom were employed at some time during the year under review, and people starting a new job. Of the 2.5 million pensioners, some 94.4% drew a full year’s pension.

In 2019, a total of 50.3% of all employees were employed full-time throughout the entire year. Annual per-capita gross pay in this group varied significantly depending on social position. The average gross income achieved by male white collar workers was EUR 69 982. The corresponding figure for female white collar workers was EUR 47 506. Male officials received an average gross income of EUR 66 502 and female officials EUR 65 903. Male civil servants under contract enjoyed gross earnings of EUR 53 841, their female counterparts EUR 47 551. Among blue collar workers, men drew a gross wage of EUR 37 427 on average, women EUR 27 950. In 2019, the per-capita gross pay of men employed full-time throughout the entire year was EUR 54 085, and for women EUR 44 312.

CPI of November 2020

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2015) in November 2020 was 1.3% (October 2020: 1.3% as well). Housing, water and energy (+2.1% compared to November 2019) remained the most important price driver. The index level of the CPI 2015 was 108.8 in November 2020. Compared to the previous month, the average price level increased by 0.2%. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was 109.13 in November 2020 (October 2020: revised 108.93), with the harmonised inflation rate at 1.1% (October 2020: 1.1% as well).

The measures to contain COVID-19 and the “lockdown light” in November 2020 had a significant impact on the calculation of the inflation rate. Most of the measures affected the sectors gastronomy, culture, tourism, entertainment, leisure and sport. Where necessary, imputation methods like seasonal imputation, all items imputation or carry-forward were applied. In total, this affected about 14.6% of the weight of the basket of goods and services. For further explanation of the general principles and applied computation rules, please refer to the methodological information note on the compilation of the CPI in the context of COVID-19 in the internet or to the article “Effects of COVID-19 on the calculation of the Consumer Price Index – Information on methodology”.

Air Emissions Accounts 1995 to 2018

Air emission accounting is an integral component of environmental accounts and considers anthropogenic emissions which affect the environment as pollutants or contribute to climate change as greenhouse gases. The method is based on data provided by the Environment Agency Austria and adapts this data to the polluter principle and the residence principle. In the period from 1995 to 2018, a reduction in eight out of eleven emissions has been reached, and this reduction has been in some cases considerable; solely the emissions of carbon dioxide, ammonia and fluorated gases have experienced an increase. In the case of carbon dioxide, however, it is necessary to distinguish between emissions from fossil, biogenic, and other sources regarding their climate impact. Together, those emissions which are relevant for reaching climate targets (fossil and other sources) increased in the period under review by 3.1%, but emissions from biogenic sources increased too by 93.2%. When comparing Austrian greenhouse gas emissions with other EU countries, it becomes evident that emissions per capita in Austria are slightly above average, but the emissions per unit of GDP are rather low.

Supplement - CD-ROM for the years 2018 to 2020 (PDF incl. Excel-Tables)