Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries December2020

Statistische Nachrichten in the year 2020

Due to the coronavirus pandemic it was a very difficult year and we are happy, that ist was possible to publish all issues on time. We hope that refereeing will continue in 2021 as we were used to before. As many of our subscribers are currently working from home Statistics Austria decided to make the some issues available as a free download.

Grafik 2  Merry Christmas and a good start into the New Year

Labour Market Dynamics 2019

Quarter-to-quarter transitions using the Microcensus Labour Force Survey longitudinal data

Usually analyses and main results of the Austrian Labour Force Survey (LFS) focus on the cross-sectional dimension, i.e. quarters or years. The analyses of quarter-to-quarter dynamics (longitudinal dimension) open various additional insights into the Austrian labour market. Instead of changes of aggregates only, e.g. the total numbers of employed and unemployed persons, changes on the individual levels, so called “flows”, allow to investigate the dynamics of the labour market. The 3-by-3 matrix presents the transitions between the labour market groups of employed, unemployed and inactives. The transition matrix is one of the most compact forms of presenting main results and is used for presenting quarter-to-quarter transitions (quarter 2 2019 to quarter 1 2020) as well as the annual average for 2019.

Overall in 2019 the transitions between the labour market groups followed the usual seasonal patterns. On average, 95.3% of employed persons remained in employment in the following quarter, 1.1% became unemployed and 3.6% inactive. Unemployed people were much more mobile: Only slightly less than half (47.0%) of the unemployed remained unemployed, about one third (30.1%) took up employment and less than a quarter (22.9%) became inactive. However, the transition from the 4th quarter 2019 to the 1st quarter 2020 proved to be exceptional in that there was a sharp decline in employment. This flow can be traced back to the lockdown due to the corona virus in the last two weeks of the 1st quarter 2020.

2020 Population Projection for Austria

… and the Provinces till 2080 (2100) – Generation of Projections 2019

The Austrian population will increase to 9.45 million people until 2040 (+6%) and to 9.93 million in 2080 (+12%), according to the actual population projection by Statistics Austria. It is based on assumptions for fertility, mortality and migration. In 2019, the reference year for the projection, the population amounted to 8.88 million. According to the main scenario, the population development will vary substantially among the nine provinces during the next decades. Vienna, the capital of Austria (+20%) is expected to have the most marked population growth till 2080, followed by Lower Austria (+17%), Burgenland (+14%), Upper Austria (+12%), Vorarlberg and Tyrol (each +10%), Salzburg (+7%) and Styria (+3%). Carinthia is the only province with an expected population loss till 2080 (-7%).

Children and youngsters under 20 years are projected to account for a smaller proportion of the total population, namely 18.6% in 2080 as compared to 19.3% in 2019. The majority of the provinces will follow this trend, except Vienna, where rising proportions are expected. As the “baby-boom generation” (those born between 1955 and 1970) will reach retirement age after 2020, the size of the elderly population (ages 65 and over) is projected to increase in all nine provinces. Thus for Austria as a whole, the proportion of the elderly population will grow from 18.9% cent in 2019 to 29.3% by 2080. By then, Burgenland (35%) as well as Carinthia (33%) are expected to remain the “oldest” regions while the western part of Austria together with Vienna will still rank as the “youngest” regions. Vienna will hold a share of 25% elderly people by 2080. The average age of Austria’s population will significantly increase over the next decades from 42.9 (2019) to 47.5 years (2080).

In 2019 about 1.75 million foreign-born people lived in Austria. This averages 20% of the total population. The number of this population group will rise to 2.23 million (+28%) by 2040 and to 2.67 million (+54%) by 2080. The share of the foreign-born population will increase to 24% (2040) and 27% (2080) respectively. Currently Vienna holds a population share of 37% foreign-born, which will increase to over 40% after 2030.

How healthy is the Austrian population?

Results of the Austrian Health Survey 2019

On behalf of the Ministry of Health and the Federal Health Agency a Health Interview Survey was carried out by Statistics Austria. The field phase lasted from October 2018 till September 2019. 15 471 randomly selected persons aged 15 years and more in private households were asked about their health status, about health determinants and health care. 75.7% of males and 73.3% of females consider their state of health as good or very good. About two thirds of the Austrian population (2.5 million women and 2.4 million men) suffer from at least one chronic disease or health problem. Chronic health problems in the back bone are reported most frequently – about one fourth of all Austrians (about 1.9 million) are afflicted with this health problem. 1.7 million report an allergy, 1.6 million a hypertension.

CPI of October 2020

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2015) in October 2020 was 1.3% (September 2020: revised 1.4%). Housing, water and energy (+2.2% compared to October 2019) remained the most important price driver, followed by expenditures for restaurants and hotels (+3.3%). The index level of the consumer price index 2015 (CPI 2015) was 108.6 in October 2020 (September 2020 revised: 108.5). Compared to the previous month, the average price level increased by 0.1%. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was 108.94 in October 2020 (September 2020: revised 108.67), with the harmonised inflation rate at 1.1% (September 2020: revised 1.2%).

The measures to contain COVID-19 in October were the same as in September. They had a very small impact on the calculation of the inflation rate. Imputation methods like seasonal imputation were used for a few items in the tourism sector, while hardly any services in the entertainment sector required all items imputation anymore. In total, this affected about 3.3% of the weight of the basket of goods and services. For further explanation of the general principles and applied computation rules, please refer to the methodological information note on the compilation of the CPI in the context of COVID-19 in the internet or to the article “Effects of COVID-19 on the calculation of the Consumer Price Index – Information on methodology”.

Internet and Social Media 2019

European comparison of usage in enterprises and households

In 2019, two out of three enterprises (68%) in the EU provided to their persons employed portable devices that enable access to the internet via mobile phone networks, e.g. UMTS, HSPA, 4G/LTE or 5G. The share of persons employed using such devices was 28% EU-wide. Austria reported results each above the EU-28 average.

While providing portable devices enabling internet access through mobile phone networks was largely influenced by the size of the enterprise (10 to 49 persons employed: 64%; 50 to 249 persons employed: 84%; 250 and more persons employed: 95%), the share of persons employed was quite high in small enterprises, too. In the EU-28 member states, the share of persons employed using such devices was 24% in small enterprises, 26% in medium-sized and 32% in large enterprises. Within the last five years, the usage of portable devices with mobile internet access through mobile phone networks in European enterprises increased slightly (2014: 66%, 2019: 68%) while enterprises providing such devices to their persons employed to a much larger extent in 2019 than it was done in 2014 (+47%).

The use of social networks in the corporate sector has increased sharply over the past five years. Their spread increased across the EU by 55% between 2014 (33%) and 2019 (51%). Austria was roughly in line with the EU average. The use of social networks increased from 36% to 55% in the period in question, which corresponds to an increase rate of 53%.

Digitalization is also advancing more and more in private life. Private internet use has increased by 12% across the EU. While in 2014 78% of EU citizens between the ages of 16 and 74 stated that they had used the internet for private purposes in the three months prior to the survey, the proportion had risen to 87% by 2019. The rates of increase were very different in the various EU countries. Countries like Romania, Cyprus, Bulgaria or Greece, which had relatively low shares in 2014, were characterized by high growth rates of over 20%. The rate of increase for Austria was 9%, slightly below the EU average. However, the proportion of internet users was slightly above average in both 2014 (81%) and 2019 (88%) compared to the other EU countries.

In 2019, an EU average of 57% of 16 to 74 year olds said they had used social media in the three months prior to the survey. In 2014, the rate was still 46%, which means growth of more than 25%. A very similar development can be observed for Austria. In 2014, 44% of 16- to 74-year-olds in Austria used social media channels. In 2019, it was 56%, which equates to a growth rate of 27%.

Instant messaging services are used across the EU by around two thirds (67%) of 16 to 74 year olds. In Austria, the usage rate was more than ten percentage points higher (77%). This makes Austria one of the European leaders in the use of instant messaging services.

Supplement - Contents of the year 2020