According to the results of the Register-based Labour
Market Statistics 2018 (reference date 31 October), the population of
Austria amounts to 8 851 417, which is an increase of 39 635 inhabitants
or 0.4% within one year. While the balance of births and deaths has
been slightly positive (2 475) during the last twelve
months, the population growth is mostly based on gains from immigration
from abroad. The gender ratio of 967 men to 1 000 women corresponds to
an absolute number of 4.35 million men and 4.50 million women. 14.5% of
the population are children under the age of 15 years, 66.7% are people
of working age (between 15 and 64 years) and 18.8% belong to the elderly
(65 years and over). Since 2017, the number of the elderly has grown
by 1.3% which is the highest relative increase among the age groups
Decline in the surplus of women; aging population; continuing growth of the Austrian population with a foreign background: These headlines reflect some of the principal results of the 2011 Register-based Census relating to the demographic topics.
The gender ratio of 866 men to 1 000 women calculated by the 1951 Population Census had, by 2011, increased to 950 men to 1 000 women. One reason for the excess of women – the men who fell during the two World Wars – has become ever less significant as more and more war widows have died. The fact that there is nevertheless a larger proportion of women is related to the higher life expectancy of females.
Owing to the increasing life expectancy of both genders and declining birth rates, the population is aging. For instance, the average age has increased by 5.8 years since 1971 (2011: 41.8). The proportion of elderly people in 2011 was 17.8%; the "quotient of seniors" (ratio of people aged 65 and above to 100 people of primary working age between 20 and 64 years) was 28.7. The quotient of young people (ratio of children and youngsters up to 19 years to 100 people of primary working age) was 33.1 in 2011. Despite a growing number and proportion of seniors, the "overall dependency quotient" has slightly decreased compared to 2001 (61.8 against 62.2 in 2001).
More than 1.3 million men and women (15.7% of the population) were not born in Austria. In an international comparison, the share of foreign-born persons is greater than that of the classic immigration country USA, where, according to the 2010 Census, 12.9% of inhabitants were born abroad. Around two fifths of the Austrian population born abroad have Austrian citizenship: for the most part they moved to Austria as foreign citizens and were subsequently naturalised. The largest group of Austrians born abroad (73 000 people) were those with a place of birth in Germany. Turkey comes in second (71 000 people), followed by Bosnia and Herzegovina (55 000), Serbia (42 000), the Czech Republic (33 000), Romania (26 000) and Poland (21 000).
According to the Register-based Census, more than four fifths of non-Austrian nationals were born abroad (85%), while 143 000 came into the world in Austria. Of these, 61 700 are citizens of a country part of the former Yugoslavia, 25 300 are Turks and 16 200 are German citizens. Altogether in 2011, non-Austrian nationals accounted for approximately 11.2% of the population. The proportion of foreign citizens was highest in Vienna at 21.7%, followed by the western federal provinces of Vorarlberg (13.2%), Salzburg (12.6%) and Tyrol (11.0%).
Please consult our German website for tables and charts containing further information.
Register-based Labour Market Statistics 2018
|Results (overview): Population 1951 to 2018 by demographic characteristics|
|Population 2018 by age, sex and Laender|
|Population 2018 by citizenship and Laender|
|Population 2018 by country of birth and Laender|
|Population 2018 by sex and place of usual residence one year before|
|Population aged 15 years and over 2018 by legal marital status, sex and Laender|
Register-based Census 2011
|Results (overview): population by demographic characteristics|
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 03.08.2020