Demographic indicators

Fertility

Austrian women have an average of 1.46 children; fertility age now 31 years

84 952 children were born in Austria in 2019, which corresponds to a crude birth rate of 9.6 live births per 1 000 population. The total fertility rate was 1.46 children per woman in 2019, meaning that if age-specific fertility rates remain constant in the future, a 15-year old woman can statistically expect 1.46 live births before her 50th birthday. This average is therefore well below the “replacement level” of approx. 2 children per woman. Measured by the “net reproduction rate”, the generation currently at reproductive ages will numerically reproduce itself by 71 per cent.

The fact that the period fertility is so low in Austria is also due to the ever rising age at childbirth (“postponement” of births). In 2019 the mean fertility age was 31.0 years, i.e. 1.6 years higher than in 2007. Detailed studies show that the mean fertility age at the birth of the first child has risen particularly fast.

Mortality and life expectancy (incl. infant mortality)

Life expectancy 79.5 years for males and 84.2 years for females; infant mortality below 3 per thousand

83 386 deaths were recorded in Austria in 2019, which corresponds to a crude death rate of 9.4 deaths per 1 000 population. In 2019 the life expectancy of an Austrian male at birth was 79.5 years, i.e. 2.2 years higher than in 2007. The life expectancy at birth for women has risen by 1.4 years since 2007, to a current figure of 84.2 years.

The infant mortality rate – infant deaths per 1 000 live births – was 2.9 per thousand in Austria in 2019, the 3rd year below the 3-per-thousand mark. The total of infant deaths in the first week of life and stillbirths is called the number of “perinatal deaths”. In 2019 there were 5.0 perinatal deaths per 1 000 live births.

Marriages and divorces

First marriage age above 30 years, total divorce rate 41 percent

46 034 marriages were recorded in Austria in 2019, i.e. 5.2 marriages per 1 000 population. The median age of first marriage was 33.0 years for males (an increase of 1.4 years compared with the 2007 figure) and 30.8 years for females (an increase of 2.0 years since 2007).

When comparing marriage indicators over time, it is essential to understand that, since 2015, figures have included marriages abroad.

In 2019, 16 319 divorces were recorded in Austria. The total divorce rate was 40.7 per cent. This measure indicates the proportion of new marriages that will eventually be divorced if the currently observed duration-specific divorce rates will remain constant in the future. About 4 out of 10 marriages will be ended by divorce, 6 by the death of one of the two partners.

Please consult our German website for tables and charts containing further information.

Results (overview): Demographic indicators
Selected demographic indicators 2019 for federal provinces (NUTS-2)

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