Medical and socio-medical characteristics
of live birth
In 2018, the number of
live births in Austria was 84 804. The average birth weight was 3 318g,
the average birth length 50.6cm. The mode of delivery was spontaneous
in 63.6% of all live births. In 2018, the caesarean rate was 29.4%.
The rate of induced labour was 19.1%. 94.5% of all live births had a
5-minute Apgar score of 9 or 10.
Preterm birth is defined
as birth of an infant between 22 and 36 weeks of completed gestation.
Since preterm birth is the most frequent case of infant mortality as
well as of health risk, the development of the preterm birth rate is
a matter of particular interest. In 2018 the number of live births was
84 764, whereof 6 210 babies were born preterm. This results in a preterm
birth rate of 7.3% in 2018. 73.5% of all preterm births were due to
infants born late preterm. Twins and higher order multiples have elevated
preterm rates compared to singletons. The risk of infant mortality declined
dramatically with increasing gestational age. Only 76.2% of infants
born before 28 weeks of gestation survived the first year, whereas survival
rates increased up to 99% for infants born at 32 and more weeks of gestation.
An error in measuring
gestational age required a revision of the figures from 1995 to 2010.
For detailed information see article “Preterm birth in Austria, time
trends and risk factors on the basis of revised figures”, in “Statistische Nachrichten” (PDF 236KB), 09/2012.
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA,
Last Changed 13.06.2019