Business demography

Statistics on business demography include data on the population of active enterprises, on births of enterprises, their survival, on deaths of enterprises and on the corresponding employment data. Business demography statistics play a key role by forming a basis for political decisions and analyses. Another aspect of particular interest is the relevance of new enterprises in stimulating the economy by creating new jobs. Derived indicators such as birth rates, death rates and (two-year) survival rates also form part of the EU structural indicators, which are used to monitor the progress made in the Lisbon process aimed at boosting growth and employment.

Since 2009, the data collection on business demography is mandatory on European level. The legal basis is the Annex IX of the revised EU regulation on structural business statistics and on national level the business demography regulation (revised version 2015). According to this legal basis, in 2018, data have to be compiled for reference year 2016. The data are shown by economic activities (NACE Rev.2) and legal forms (grouped), by economic activities and employee size classes, by economic activities and provinces as well as NUTS3 and for sole proprietorships by economic activities and gender.

Overview of the results for 2017

In 2017, 42 417 new enterprises with 66 261 employed persons (of which 29 322 were employees) were born. Measured by the number of active enterprises, this equals to a birth rate of 7.7%. The birth rate thus slightly changed compared to reporting year 2016 (8.3%).

In general, the 2017 birth rate was – as expected – highest (8.0%) in the services sector (sections G-S, NACE Rev.2, excluding 64.2 „Management activities of holding companies“and 64.3 “Trusts and funds”). The birth rate was below average (5.8%) in industry and construction (sections B-F).

Note

Since the production of the statistics for reference year 2013, methodological steps to achieve an approximation with the SBS data are taken.

The numbers of enterprise deaths for the last two reporting years (here: 2016 and 2017) and those for enterprise births, active enterprises and surviving enterprises for the most recent reporting year (here: 2017) are provisional.

Further information on the methodology of the data collection.

Information on Employer Business Demography.

Results (overview): Enterprise births and deaths 2007 to 2017 by NACE activity
Main results: Enterprise births and deaths 2017; selection of sections, divisions and groups
Main results: Enterprise births and deaths 2007 to 2017 by legal forms (grouped)
Main results: Enterprise births and deaths 2007 to 2017 by employee size class
Main results: Enterprise births and deaths 2007 to 2017 by provinces
Main results: Enterprise births and deaths 2007 to 2017 by gender of the sole proprietor
Main results: Survival rates of enterprises newly born in 2012 by NACE activity
Main results: Survival rates of enterprises newly born in 2013 by NACE activity
Main results: Survival rates of enterprises newly born in 2014 by NACE activity
Main results: Survival rates of enterprises newly born in 2015 by NACE activity
Business demography statistics 2011 to 2017: Main results by turnover tax classes
Business demography statistics 2017: Survival rates of enterprises newly born in 2013 by turnover tax classes
Business demography statistics 2017: Knowledge and research-intensive enterprise births by employee size class
Business demography statistics 2017: Knowledge and research-intensive enterprise births by legal forms (grouped)

Birth and death rates of enterprises 2017
Employees per enterprise birth and death 2017
Enterprise births 2007 - 2017
5-year survival rates of enterprises newly born in 2012
Share of enterprise births 2017 by provinces
Share of enterprise deaths 2017 by provinces


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