Business demography

Statistics on business demography include data on the population of active enterprises, on births of enterprises, their survival, on deaths of enterprises and on the corresponding employment data. Business demography statistics play a key role by forming a basis for political decisions and analyses. Another aspect of particular interest is the relevance of new enterprises in stimulating the economy by creating new jobs. Derived indicators such as birth rates, death rates and (five-year) survival rates also form part of the EU structural indicators, which are used to monitor the progress made in the Lisbon process aimed at boosting growth and employment.

Since 2009, the data collection on business demography is mandatory on European level. The legal basis is the Annex IX of the revised EU regulation on structural business statistics and on national level the business demography regulation (revised version 2021). According to this legal basis, in 2021, data have to be compiled for reference year 2019. The data are shown by economic activities (NACE Rev.2) and legal forms (grouped), by economic activities and employee size classes, by economic activities and provinces as well as NUTS3 and for sole proprietorships by economic activities and gender.

Overview of the results for 2019

In 2019, 37 356 new enterprises with 55 805 employed persons (of which 24 107 were employees) were born. Measured by the number of active enterprises, this equals to a birth rate of 6.4%. The birth rate thus changed compared to reporting year 2018 (7.0%).

In general, the 2019 birth rate was – as expected – highest (6.6%) in the services sector (sections G-S, NACE Rev.2, excluding 64.2 „Management activities of holding companies“ and 64.3 “Trusts and funds”). The birth rate was below average (5.4%) in industry and construction (sections B-F).

Note

Since the production of the statistics for reference year 2013, methodological steps to achieve an approximation with the SBS data are taken.

The numbers of enterprise deaths for the last two reporting years (here: 2018 and 2019) and those for enterprise births, active enterprises and surviving enterprises for the most recent reporting year (here: 2019) are provisional.

The effects of the corona crisis can already be seen in the enterprise death figures for the 2019 reporting year. The method used provides that a unit is counted as a death if no values are available in the following year (i.e. 2020), i.e. enterprises that show no signs of life in 2020 are already considered closed in 2019.

Further information on the methodology of the data collection.

Information on Employer Business Demography.

Results (overview): Enterprise births and deaths 2007 to 2019 by NACE activity
Main results: Enterprise births and deaths 2019; selection of sections, divisions and groups
Main results: Enterprise births and deaths 2007 to 2019 by legal forms (grouped)
Main results: Enterprise births and deaths 2007 to 2019 by employee size class
Main results: Enterprise births and deaths 2007 to 2019 by provinces
Main results: Enterprise births and deaths 2007 to 2019 by gender of the sole proprietor
Main results: Survival rates of enterprises newly born in 2014 by NACE activity
Main results: Survival rates of enterprises newly born in 2015 by NACE activity
Main results: Survival rates of enterprises newly born in 2016 by NACE activity
Main results: Survival rates of enterprises newly born in 2017 by NACE activity
Business demography statistics 2011 to 2019: Main results by turnover tax classes
Business demography statistics 2019: Survival rates of enterprises newly born in 2015 by turnover tax classes
Business demography statistics 2019: Knowledge and research-intensive enterprise births by employee size class
Business demography statistics 2019: Knowledge and research-intensive enterprise births by legal forms (grouped)

Birth and death rates of enterprises 2019
Employees per enterprise birth and death 2019
Enterprise births 2007 - 2019
5-year survival rates of enterprises newly born in 2014
Share of enterprise births 2019 by provinces
Share of enterprise deaths 2019 by provinces


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