Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries July 2021

Integrated Wage and Income Tax Statistics 2018

The 2018 Integrated Wage and Income Tax Statistics are based on the combination of data on the income subject to income tax of natural persons who are subject to a limited or unlimited tax liability, and on the income subject to wage tax of employees and pensioners. The statistics also comprise transfer payments such as unemployment benefit, long-term unemployment grants, long-term care allowance, family allowance and other benefits.

In order to combine these two sets of statistics into a common overall representation, it was initially necessary to standardise the definition of the characteristics to be combined. In addition, to prevent double counts, it was necessary to identify and eliminate the partial population which occurred in both the income tax and the wage tax populations, i.e. taxpayers assessed for income tax who earned income from employment.

After adjustment for double entries, the 2018 integrated wage and income tax statistics covered 4 645 258 employees, 2 386 251 pensioners and 349 814 self-employed persons with other types of income. The gross total income (EUR 206.8 billion) comprised tax payments of EUR 32.7 billion of wage and income tax. Apart from retirement benefits, the total income also included other transfer payments. The average total income amounted to EUR 28 000, with men earning EUR 33 400 and women EUR 22 400. 143 670 persons had an income of more than EUR 100 000.

CPI of May 2021

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2020) in May 2021 was 2.8% (April 2021: 1.9%). Higher prices especially for fuels but also for food, home furniture and clothing were mainly responsible for the increase of the May inflation rate. Expenditures for transport (+5.3% compared to May 2020) proved to be the most important price driver for the first time since October 2018. Expenditures for housing, water and energy (+3.0%) was the second important price driver. The CPI 2020 was at 102.1, while the average price level increased by 0.3% compared to April 2021. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was 111.04 in May 2021 with a harmonised inflation rate at 3.0%.

The measures to contain COVID-19 had less impact on the calculation of the inflation rate than in April, because the regional lockdown in the eastern provinces Vienna, Lower Austria and Burgenland was ended and therefore in May nationwide the retail sector, personal services like hairdressers and museums and zoos had opened. As in the previous months, the most affected sectors were: gastronomy, theatre, tourism, entertainment, leisure and sport. Where necessary, different imputation methods like seasonal imputation, all items imputation or carry-forward were applied. In total, this affected about 13.7% of the weight of the basket of goods and services. For further in-depth explanation of the general principles and applied computation methods, please refer to the methodological information note on the compilation of the CPI in the context of COVID-19 in the internet or to the article “Effects of COVID-19 on the calculation of the Consumer Price Index – Information on methodology”.

2020 Short-Term Statistics

Preliminary results of statistics in industry and construction

This article deals with the preliminary main results of enterprises and establishments at 2-digit level of ÖNACE 2008 of the EU-harmonised short-term statistics in industry and construction (sections B to F of ÖNACE 2008) for the reference year 2020, whereas the results of the establishments are available for Austria as a whole and separately for each province (NUTS 2 level). In general, it should be considered that the items number of enterprises, number of establishments, employees and unfilled orders refer to the fixed day of 31 December 2020, whereas the main figures concerning earnings, volume of work, turnover, orders received and production are published as annual results.

In 2020, 10 300 enterprises (+2.4% compared to the previous year) of industry and construction with 809 755 employees (-1.0%) achieved a total turnover of EUR 259.1 billion (-7.0%); the share of export turnover was 50.1%. 809 575 employees (-0.9%) in the 10 862 establishments (+2.2%) of sections B to F of ÖNACE 2008 worked 1 276.2 million hours (-4.8%) and received a total gross income (wages, salaries, compensations and extra payments) of EUR 39.8 billion (+0.6%). On 31 December unfilled orders stood at EUR 65.9 billion (+2.6%). The value of the production sold amounted to EUR 255.0 billion (-7.4%).

Response Burden Barometer 2001-2020

Burden imposed on enterprises by obligation to report data to Statistics Austria

In 2020, a total of 47 987 enterprises had to report data for one or more surveys conducted by Statistics Austria. In comparison to 2019, the number of enterprises with reporting obligations decreased by 729 basically because in 2020 a biennial survey on research and development was performed affecting less enterprises than the quadrennial structure of earning In 2020, a total of 47 987 enterprises had to report data for one or more surveys conducted by Statistics Austria. In comparison to 2019, the number of enterprises with reporting obligations decreased by 729 basically because in 2020 a biennial survey on research and development was performed affecting less enterprises than the quadrennial structure of earnings-survey performed in 2019.

60.1% of the enterprises with reporting obligations had reporting obligations for one survey only, 24.9% for two and 15.0% for three or more. The maximum number of reporting obligations was ten, affecting only one enterprise. The total number of enterprises with reporting obligations was 10.0% of all active enterprises. The total response burden for all compulsory surveys conducted by Statistics Austria was 738 539 hours in 2020, about 2.9% less than in 2019. The decrease of the response burden in 2020 was partially induced by the corona crisis. Reduced response burden because of the economic crisis in 2020 could be specifically observed for Intrastat and the survey of road freight transportation.

Between 2001 and 2020 the response burden for all compulsory surveys that existed already in 2001 was reduced by 18.1%. This reduction was mainly achieved by reductions in sample frames, rise in thresholds and the increasing use of administrative data and electronic reporting devices. However, since 2001 further compulsory surveys were introduced which are also considered in calculating the response burden; including these surveys the response burden still decreased by 14.2% between 2001 and 2020.

EGSS 2014 to 2019

Environmental Goods and Services Sector

Within the framework of “Environmental Accounts” and according to the Eurostat concept “The Environmental Goods and Services Sector” (EGSS) economic variables of the environment industry have been calculated every year since 2008. In the early years of the data collection only output and employed persons were covered by EGSS. For the final data of 2014 to 2018 as well as the preliminary data of 2019 also gross value added, export and employment in full-time units can be presented. Furthermore, the employment associated with public transport activities is presented. Public transport is not part of the environmental goods and services sector but due to national demand the employment was analysed as additional information.

For the reference years 2018 and 2019, production value was reported as output instead of turnover in order to be more consistent with the national accounts. In addition, the figures of the basic statistics that are used to compile the EGSS were adjusted to the figures of the national accounts. The adjustment of the time series will take place in the course of the year 2021.

In 2019, the Austrian environmental goods and services sector (EGSS) generated an output of EUR 42.7 billion, a gross value added of EUR 17.0 billion (which corresponds to a share of 4.3% of GDP), as well as an export of EUR 13.9 billion (6.3% of total export). The sector employed 193 574 people (without public transport) and 182 798 full time units respectively. If public transport is included, 218 278 “Green Jobs” were measured for 2019.