Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries January 2020

Population Projection 2019

Austria and the provinces for the years 2019 to 2080 (2100)

The Austrian population will increase to 9.43 million people until 2040 (+7%) and to 9.93 million in 2080 (+12%), according to the new population projection by Statistics Austria. It is based on assumptions for fertility, mortality and migration. In 2018, the reference year for the projection, the population amounted to 8.84 million. According to the main scenario, the population development will vary substantially among the nine provinces during the next decades. Vienna, the capital of Austria (+20%) is expected to have the most marked population growth till 2080, followed by Lower Austria (+18%), Burgenland (+14%), Upper Austria (+13%), Vorarlberg and Tyrol (each +11%), Salzburg (+8%) and Styria (+4%). Carinthia is the only province with an expected population loss till 2080 (-7%).

Children and youngsters under 20 years are projected to account for a smaller proportion of the total population, namely 18.6% in 2080 as compared to 19.4% in 2018. The majority of the provinces will follow this trend, except Vienna, where rising proportions are expected. As the “baby-boom generation” (those born between 1955 and 1970) will reach retirement age after 2020, the size of the elderly population (ages 65 and over) is projected to increase in all nine provinces. Thus for Austria as a whole, the proportion of the elderly population will grow from 18.8% in 2018 to 29.3% by 2080. By then, Burgenland (35%) as well as Carinthia (33%) are expected to remain the “oldest” regions while the western part of Austria together with Vienna will still rank as the “youngest” regions. Vienna will hold a share of 25% elderly people by 2080. The average age of Austria’s population will significantly increase over the next decades from 42.7 (2018) to 47.5 years (2080). In 2018 about 1.71 million foreign-born people lived in Austria. This averages 19% of the total population. The number of this population group will rise to 2.22 million (+30%) by 2040 and to 2.67 million (+56%) by 2080. The share of the foreign-born population will increase to 24% (2040) and 27% (2080) respectively. Currently Vienna holds a population share of 36% foreign-born, which will increase to over 40% after 2030.

Wage Tax Statistics 2018

In the year 2018, a total of 7 060 798 taxpayers were registered in wage tax statistics, of whom 4 613 783 were employees and 2 447 015 were pensioners. Compared with 2017, the number of taxpayers increased by 1.5%. Gross earnings rose by 4.5% to a volume of EUR 203 312.2 million. The total wage tax yield amounted to EUR 28 118.5 million; it increased by 6.8% compared to the previous year. A total of 3 548 669 taxpayers or 50.3% were men, 3 512 129 were women. Men got 61.2% of gross earnings and contributed 70.3% of the tax revenue. 25.3% of all taxpayers were not liable for paying wage tax as they were below the taxation threshold. 5.5 million taxpayers had only one pay slip (employment or pension) in the year under review, while 1.5 million had more than one pay slip. Almost three quarters (72.4%) of all employees - more than 3.3 million people - received pay throughout the entire year. Overall, they received 90.7% of the gross earnings of all employees. In contrast, about 1.3 million employees were not employed for the entire year. This group predominantly comprised unemployed, people on maternity/paternity leave and holiday trainees, all of whom were employed at some time during the year under review, and people starting a new job. Of the 2.4 million pensioners, some 94.5% drew a full year’s pension. In 2018, a total of 50.4% of all employees were employed full-time throughout the entire year. Annual per-capita gross pay in this group varied significantly depending on social position. The average gross income achieved by male white collar workers was EUR 68 535. The corresponding figure for female white collar workers was EUR 45 558. Male officials received an average gross income of EUR 64 679 and female officials EUR 63 865. Male civil servants under contract enjoyed gross earnings of EUR 52 139, their female counterparts EUR 46 455. Among blue collar workers, men drew a gross wage of EUR 36 351 on average, women EUR 27 008. In 2018, the per-capita gross pay of men employed full-time throughout the entire year was EUR 52 724, and for women EUR 42 756.

CPI November 2019

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2015) in November 2019 amounted to 1.1% (October 2019: 1.1%). Expenditures for housing, water and energy (+2.1% compared to November 2018) remained the most important price driver, followed by expenditures for restaurants and hotels (+3.0%). Falling prices for transport and telecommunication had a damping effect on the inflation rate. The index level of the CPI was 107.4 in November. Compared to the previous month, the average price level increased by 0.2%. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) in November 2019 was 107.92 (October revised 107.72), with the harmonised inflation rate amounting to 1.2%.

Residential Nursing Home Accounts >Refereed<

This article presents a new methodological approach to expand production accounts for residential nursing care activities and residential care activities for the elderly and disabled to include output and input components in physical units. Such data processing is particularly important for efficiency analyses. The starting point for this new approach was the problem that existing data sources in the field long-term care by inpatient facilities, such as the statistics for care services compiled by Statistics Austria, are inadequate for this type of analysis and linking. For this reason, national accounts have been linked to information from the Register-based Labour Market Statistics and the stock of buildings and dwellings. In the reporting year 2016, production of EUR 2,969.5 million was generated in the production of residential nursing care services and welfare services delivered through residential institutions to elderly persons by producers in the residential nursing care activities and residential care activities for the elderly and disabled sectors. After use of intermediate consumption in the amount EUR 903.2 million, gross value added of EUR 2,066.3 million was generated. For 711 of the 928 producing units, equivalent physical components could be identified for the monetary accounts. Physically speaking, these selected producers produced 17.7 million nursing days using 37,482 employed persons and 42,839 rooms with at least 4m².

CD-ROM for the years 2017 to 2019 (incl. Excel-Tables