Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries December 2019

“Statistische Nachrichten” - Thanks to all Referees

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Q:\Nachrichten\Stat.NR 2019\INTERNET\AdobeStock_93241706_mit Quelle_Nachrichten.jpg Merry Christmas and a good start into the New Year

Labour Market Dynamics 2018

Quarter-to-quarter transitions 2018 and transition rates of inactive persons using the Microcensus Labour Force Survey longitudinal data

Usually analyses and main results of the Austrian Labour Force Survey (LFS) focus on the cross dimension, i.e. quarters or years. The analyses of quarter to quarter dynamics (longitudinal dimension) open various additional insights into the Austrian labour market. Instead of changes of aggregates only, e.g. the total numbers of employed and unemployed persons, changes on the individual levels, so called “flows”, allow to investigate the dynamics of the labour market. The 3-by-3 matrix presents the transitions between the labour market groups of employed (E), unemployed (UE) and inactives (I). The transition matrix is one of the most compact forms of presenting main results and is used for presenting quarter-to-quarter transitions (quarter 2 2018 to quarter 1 2019) as well as the annual average for 2018. Another focus of this article are transition rates of inactive persons ((I-I), (I-E), (I-UE)) analyzed by sex and different sub groups.

Game statistics in 2018/2019

With a total of 736 000 game shot in the hunting year 2018/2019 the number decreased by 2.8% compared to the last season. Thereof both the number of furred game shot (614 000; -3.0%) and the number of game birds shot (122 000; -1.9%) decreased. Moreover 132 000 valid annual permits for game hunting (+1.6%) existed, while 12 500 guest hunter permits (+12.8%) were released.

Corporate Tax Statistics 2015

Corporate Tax Statistics is based upon administrative data provided by the fiscal administration. Liable to corporate taxation is income earned by legal entities. The tax assessment is carried out in accordance with the provisions of the Corporate and Income Tax Act. Starting from the year 2005 the corporate tax law was modified in two respects. On the one hand the tax rate was lowered from 34% to 25%, on the other hand there was introduced the possibility of joint taxation for company groups. In the year 2015, 143 557 cases were assessed which meant an increase in comparison to the previous year of 3.3%. In 97.2% of all cases individual corporations were assessed, only 2.8% of assessments concerned company groups (4 037 cases). The ratio between cases of taxation and cases with zero tax liability did not shift noticeably. The cases of taxation had a share of 59.8% (previous year: 59.6%). The taxable income increased in the year 2015, namely by 10.1% or EUR 2 885 million, and amounted to EUR 31 471 million. The corporate tax increased in a similar way by 10.4 per cent to EUR 8 014 million.

Despite the low numeric share of company groups of merely 2.8% they generated 39.6% (EUR 12 466 million) of the taxable income. In the year 2015 the repaid profits for losses considered in previous years were higher than the considered losses for the first time and amounted to EUR 333 million. Company groups contributed an overall of 39.0% (EUR 3 125 million) to the tax revenue. In 2015, like in previous years, the majority of corporation tax revenue was allocated to the few highest-earning enterprises. Those 2.5% of all cases assessed which had a taxable income of EUR 1 million or more, accounted for 75.2% of the total tax revenue. On the other hand, 67.3% of all cases assessed in 2015 had no or less than EUR 20 000 taxable income and generated only 2.5% of the total tax revenue.

CPI October 2019

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2015) amounted to 1.1%, as Statistics Austria reports (September 2019: 1.2%). Expenditures for housing, water and energy (+2.2% compared to October 2018) proved to be the most important price driver, followed by expenditures for restaurants and hotels (+3.0%). Falling prices for transport and telecommunication had a damping effect on the inflation rate. The index level of the CPI in October was 107.2. Compared to the previous month, the average price level increased by 0.2%. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was 107.73 in October 2019, with the harmonised inflation rate amounting to 1.0%.

National Accounts and Care Service Statistics >Refereed<

for inpatient nursing homes in comparison

In this article the concepts of National Accounts are compared with those of the Care Service Statistics for inpatient nursing homes. The background to this is the review of whether the combination of these two sets of data represents a possibility for the extension of the National Accounts by equivalent physical output and input information for the purposes of efficiency analysis. It shows that the differences in the concepts and levels of aggregation lead to an excessive lack of coherence. For efficiency analysis the production process is at the most detailed level in the center of interest. This is only inadequately readable from the data of the Care Service Statistics for inpatient nursing homes. So it represents only a very conditional possible extension of the production accounts in this area.

Finally the article shows the main results of the reporting year 2016 from National Accounts for the area of nursing homes. In the reporting year 2016, production of residential nursing care services and welfare services delivered through residential institutions to elderly persons by producers in the residential nursing care activities and residential care activities for the elderly and disabled sectors in the amount of EUR 2 969.5 million was generated. After use of intermediate consumption of EUR 903.2 million, gross value added of EUR 2 066.3 million was generated. The consumption of this product amounted to EUR 1 792.9 million for private households and EUR 1 592.8 million for the governmental sector.

Air Emissions Accounts 1995-2017

Air emission accounting is an integral component of environmental accounts and considers anthropogenic emissions which affect the environment as pollutants or contribute to climate change as greenhouse gases. The method is based on data provided by the Environment Agency Austria and adapts this data to the polluter principle and the residence principle. In the period from 1995 to 2017, a reduction in eight out of eleven emissions has been reached, and this reduction has been in some cases considerable; solely the emissions of carbon dioxide, ammonia and fluorated gases have experienced an increase. In the case of carbon dioxide, however, it is necessary to distinguish between emissions from fossil, biogenic, and other sources regarding their climate impact. Together, those emissions which are relevant for reaching climate targets (fossil and other sources) increased in the period under review by 4.5%, but emissions from biogenic sources increased too by 93.0%. When comparing Austrian greenhouse gas emissions with other EU countries, it becomes evident that emissions per capita in Austria are slightly above average, but the emissions per unit of GDP are rather low.

Supplement: Contents of the year 2019