Press release: 12.541
Number of convictions in 2020 at an all-time low
"In 2020, there was the biggest relative drop in the number of convictions since the introduction of diversion in adult criminal law in 2000. After a near steady decline since 2005, convictions in the 2020 Corona year plummeted abruptly to an all-time low of 25 586", said Tobias Thomas, Director General of Statistics Austria.
Significant decrease in convictions for property and drug offences
In 2020, as in the previous year, offences against property represented the largest group (12 926 or 30.4%), followed by offences against life and limb (7 727 or 18.2%) and offences under the Narcotic Substances Act (7 039 or 16.6%). These three groups together accounted for around two thirds of all offences.
Compared to the previous year, the total number of
offences decreased by 11.4% in 2020. Some offences declined at an above-average
rate (see Table 2), among others theft
No relevant changes in the sex and age of the convicts
In 2020, the proportion of men (84.7%) and adults (83.6%) amongst all convicts was almost the same as in the previous year (see Table 3). At the time of the crime, 6.3% of those convicted were juveniles (14- to 17-year-olds) and 10.1% were young adults (18- to 20-year-olds).
Similar to the previous year, just over half (55.4%) of all convicts had one or more previous convictions (2019: 56.6%).
Reconviction rate decreased slightly
The reconviction rate has decreased slightly from 32.7% in 2019 to 32.0% in 2020. The reconviction statistics monitor all those released (from an unconditional prison sentence or institutional placement) or legally convicted (except for unconditional prison sentences or institutional placement) in a certain base year over a period of four years with regard to new convictions by Austrian courts. Of the total of 26 318 people in the 2016 cohort – that is, the conviction or release took place in 2016 – around two thirds (68.0%) did not get another conviction, while every third person was convicted again within four years. If there was a reconviction, it occurred within a short period of time: two thirds of all reconvictions were recorded within the first two years of the observation period.
For more detailed results and further information regarding crime statistics please refer to our website.
on methods, definitions: Judicial criminal
statistics are based on the criminal records file maintained
by the Federal Ministry of the Interior. It classifies final convictions
which are handed down by the Austrian courts in accordance with the
Austrian Criminal Code or supplementary criminal laws. In the case of
proceedings instituted on account of multiple punishable acts, the conviction
is classified according to the offence that is decisive in terms of
the punishment imposed ("principal offence"). Since 2012 Statistics Austria
has been obtaining information on the "principal offence"
from the courts. In addition, all convicted offences have been made
available for statistical purposes since reporting year 2012.
Statistics on reconvictions are based on persons being legally convicted (except for unconditional prison sentences) or released from prison during the base year. The statistics show how many of the persons concerned were convicted again during a given risk period. Until base year 2009 the observation period covered five calendar years. Since base year 2010 every person has been individually observed over a period of four years.
For further inquiries please contact Directorate
Social Statistics, Statistics Austria:
Romana RIEGLER, M.A., Tel.
Media owner, producer and publisher:
STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Federal Institution under Public Law
1110 Vienna, Austria, Guglgasse 13, Tel.:
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