Localities are the smallest geographical unit which can be compared worldwide and were introduced by the Statistical Commission of the United Nations. A locality is a coherent built-up area containing residential property as well as industrial, commercial and other economic/cultural facilities. Irrespective of municipal boundaries and other administrative divisions, localities constitute coherent built-up areas. The Regulation of the European Commission (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1201/2009 of 30 November 2009 implementing Regulation (EC) No 763/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council 
on population and housing censuses as regards the technical specifications of the topics and of their breakdowns
) is adopting this definition. A resident population of 200 inhabitants was selected as the minimum number required to constitute an locality.

In Austria, 2 069 localities with more than 200 inhabitants were recorded as at 31st of October 2011. These localities contain 1 762 386 buildings, which is 80.43% of all buildings in Austria. The number of inhabitants amounts to 7 303 510, equating to 86.93% of the total population. The average size of an locality is 574 buildings with 2 380 inhabitants.

Localities 2011
Localities: Number, Population and Buildings - size groups and federal provinces

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