Social assistance

In 2010 a total of some 253 200 person were reliant on social assistance benefits in order to secure necessities of life. This number comprises 177 100 people who were supported by social assistance in private households, and 76 100 beneficiaries of social assistance in homes for the elderly and nursing homes. Compared with 2000, the number of beneficiaries of social assistance increased by around 113 700 people (+82%) – a rise that can primarily be attributed to the trend towards “extramural” social assistance (private households) (+100 300 or +131%).

Viewed by federal province, the increase in the number of people claiming social assistance is above all concentrated in Vienna: here the number of people supported by extramural social assistance rose from around 41 800 (2000) to 106 700 (2010). In the federal capital, supplementary financial assistance must now be given to a greater number of people whose income lies below the level of the social assistance standard rate. The increase in atypical and precarious employment situations (part-time, marginal employment, temporary work etc.), the associated low incomes and, in the event of unemployment, the resulting low (preferential) social benefits (unemployment benefit, unemployment assistance) are given by the Vienna social welfare administration as reasons for the high increase with respect to social assistance standard-rate supplements.

Expenditure of the federal provinces on social assistance in 2010 was €3.41 billion (+110% compared with 2000). Against this, the figure for receipts was €1.08 billion, and essentially comprised cost contributions and reimbursements of the allowance recipients and their family members liable for support. This results in a net expenditure of around €2.32 billion, to which the municipalities made financial contributions of differing amounts in the individual federal provinces.

Social assistance means are used in various areas. The majority of social assistance expenditures are traditionally spent on the (co-)financing of accommodation of persons in need in homes for the elderly and care homes. Expenditure in this area in 2010 amounted to €1.98 billion, equating to 58% of social assistance expenditure overall (gross). A total of €532 million (16%) was spent on mobile social welfare services, €446 million (13%) on standard-rate benefits, financial assistance and rent assistance, and €137 million (4%) on illness assistance. The remainder comprised expenditure on refugee assistance and other payments.

Statistics of social assistance expired with the end of reference year 2010.

Results (overview): Beneficiaries of social assistance


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