Poverty and social inclusion

Based on EU-SILC (European Community Statistics on Income and Living Conditions) each year results on poverty and social inclusion are published. Key indicators for Austria from EU-SILC 2019 and earlier years are available from the table below.

In 2019 16.9% of the population (1 472 000 people) were considered at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion in terms of the Europe 2020 strategy. 13.3% of the population were considered at-risk-of-poverty, 2.6% of the population were severely materially deprived and 7.8% of those below 60 years of age were living in households with very low work intensity.

The Europe 2020 strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth is aiming to lift at least 20 million people out of the risk of poverty and social exclusion within ten years (observation period: 2008-2018). For Austria this meant a reduction of the target group by 235 000 people. The at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate dropped from 20.6% in 2008 to 17.5% in 2018, that was 187 000 persons less than in 2008. The targeted decrease was therefore reached by 80%. In 2019, one year after the end of the observation period, the rate dropped to 16.9%, equivalent to a decrease by 227 000 persons (or 97% of the original goal).

With respect to the statistical margin of error, the variation from year to year must be interpreted cautiously. Nevertheless, the trend over the last several years clearly shows an overall downward tendency.

Projected to the Austrian population as a whole the figure – with 95% confidence – was between 15.6% and 18.2%, i.e. between 1 362 000 and 1 582 000 persons had to be considered as being at risk of poverty or social exclusion. They are either at-risk-of-poverty or severely materially deprived or living in a household with very low work intensity.

The at-risk-of-poverty rate is calculated on the basis of the equivalised household income, the available household income divided by the number of consumption equivalents in the household (see Household Income). People are considered to be at-risk-of-poverty if their equivalised household income is below an at-risk-of-poverty threshold of 60% of the national median household income. In 2019, the equivalised income median was €25 729. The at-risk-of-poverty threshold was therefore €15 437 for a single-person household, i.e. approximately €1 286 a month (12 times).

Severely materially deprived persons have living conditions severely constrained by a lack of resources, they experience at least four out of the following nine deprivation items: (1) cannot afford to pay rent or utility bills, (2) keep home adequately warm, (3) face unexpected expenses, (4) eat meat, fish or a protein equivalent every second day, (5) a week holiday away from home, (6) a car, (7) a washing machine, (8) a TV, or (9) a telephone.

In households with very low work intensity the work intensity of all working-age household members (18-59 years, except students) was below the threshold of 20% of the theoretically attainable work intensity of the household during the past year. This indicator is reported for people aged less than 60.

Based on the national regulation (Einkommens- und Lebensbedingungen-Statistikverordnung ELStV) in EU-SILC 2012 register information was for the first time used to calculate components of household income and also for weighting purposes (see Methodenbericht EU-SILC 2012, PDF, 1MB). Advantages of this changed methodology – for former years only survey data is available – are an increase in the data quality and reduced burden for respondents to the survey. To monitor the Europe 2020 strategy which started with data of EU-SILC 2008 despite switching to register data in EU-SILC 2012, Statistics Austria has done a back-calculation for EU-SILC 2008-2011 with register data. The back-estimation of key indicators for 2008-2010 that was published in late 2013 is now replaced by a back-calculation on micro-data level (see Documentation on the Register-based Back Calculation of EU-SILC 2008-2011 in Austria, PDF, 656KB). Due to this methodological break changes in the indicators from 2007 to 2008 cannot be interpreted in terms of content.

On its website Eurostat provides indicators on social inclusion for all European countries in the section “Statistics on Income and Living Conditions”.

Recent Eurostat publications on the topic containing cross-country comparisons can be found by clicking the following links:

To Eurostat´s comparative study “Income and Living Conditions“ (PDF, 6MB) Statistics Austria provides an article that shows the dynamics of change concerning deprivation in the EU member states based on EU-SILC longitudinal data. A more detailed version can be found as working paper (“Towards an inclusion balance - accounting for gross change in Europeans' living conditions“(PDF, 3MB) in Eurostat´s series on methodological issues in EU-SILC. Material deprivation and child-specific indicators on deprivation are described in detail in the working paper “Measuring Material Deprivation in the EU” (PDF, 4MB)

Please consult our German website for tables and charts containing further information.

Results (overview): European indicators on social inclusion in Austria 2004 - 2019
Target population Europe 2020 by age and gender 2019
Selected indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2019
Selected indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2018
Selected indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2017
Selected indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2016
Selected indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2015
Selected indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2014
Selected indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2013
Selected indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2012
Selected indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2011
Selected indicators on poverty and social inclusion 2010

Poverty and Social InclusionPrice in € *)Free Download

 
 

Einkommen, Armut und Lebensbedingungen 2007, Ergebnisse aus EU-SILC 2007
This publication presents results from EU-SILC 2007 in Austria. EU-SILC is a survey on income and living conditions that focuses on the collection of all information required to give a comprehensive ...

Release date: 3/2009 ISBN:978-3-902587-93-0

 
 

15,00

 
 

(PDF, 2 MB)

 
 

Einkommen, Armut und Lebensbedingungen 2006, Ergebnisse aus EU-SILC 2006
This publication presents results from EU-SILC 2006 in Austria. EU-SILC is a survey on income and living conditions that focuses on the collection of all information required to give a comprehensive ...

Release date: 3/2008 ISBN:978-3-902587-44-2

 
 

34,00

 
 

(PDF, 3 MB)

 
 

Energiearmut in Österreich 2016 - Haushaltsenergie und Einkommen
For the second time, this report analyses energy consumption and energy costs of so called “energy-poor” households as well as of different income groups and household types. Energy use and the costs ...

Release date: 03/2019 ISBN:978-3-903264-10-6

 
 

19,00

 
 

(PDF, 3 MB)

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