According to the 2019 EU-SILC, Austrian
private households have a median household income of €38 056 a year. 10% of households have
less than €14 949, and 10% have more than €
The equivalised household income is used to allow comparisons between
households of different sizes and composition. 50% of the population
in private households have more than €25 729 at their disposal (median).
While the 10% with the highest income have more than €
EU-SILC is the most important data source on household income in Austria. Results based on EU-SILC 2019 refer to the income in 2018.
Household income is calculated as the sum of all earned income in the household plus any income from capital and pensions as well as any social transfers. The net household income is obtained after deduction of taxes and social security contributions. The available net household income is then calculated by deducting and adding alimonies and other private transfers between the households.
The equivalised household income is obtained by dividing the available household income by the number of consumption equivalents in the household. It is assumed that, as the size of the household increases and depending on the age of the children, cost savings are achieved in the household through joint budgeting (economies of scale). For weighting purposes the EU scale (modified OECD scale) is used to calculate a household’s resource requirements. An adult living on his or her own is taken as the reference point (= consumption equivalent), with an allocated weighting of 1. For each additional adult, the assumed resource requirement increases by 0.5 consumption equivalents. Each child under the age of 14 is weighted with a consumption equivalent of 0.3. So a household comprising a father, mother and child would have a calculated consumption equivalent of 1.8 compared to a single-person household.
Based on the national regulation (Einkommens- und
Lebensbedingungen-Statistikverordnung ELStV) in EU-SILC 2012 register
information was used for the first time to calculate components of household
income and for weighting (see Methodenbericht
EU-SILC 2012, PDF, 1MB). Advantages of this changed methodology
– for former years only survey data is available – are an increase
in the data quality and reduced burden for respondents to the survey.
To monitor the Europe 2020 strategy which started with data of EU-SILC
2008 despite switching to register data in EU-SILC 2012, Statistics
Austria has done a back-calculation with register data for EU-SILC 2008
Please consult our German website for tables and charts containing further information.
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 07.10.2020