The annual average population is calculated as the arithmetic mean of quarterly figures applying the formula:
Annual average = (population on 1 January + 2x 1 April + 2x 1 July + 2x 1 October + 1 January of the following year) divided by 8.
Austria's population has risen sharply in recent decades.
Between 1961 (7.09 million inhabitants) and 2008 (8.34 million inhabitants),
the population grew by more than 1.2 million people or 17.6%. The eight-millionth
threshold was breached just before the start of the new millennium.
However, the increase during this period was not constant. Phases of
strong growth alternated with periods of stagnation or slight decrease.
Population growth in the 1960s was due in particular to the surplus
of births resulting from the baby boom of that time. During the late
1970s and early 1980s, the attenuating baby boom and, in part, negative
migration balances slowed down population growth; at times during this
period the total population even decreased. High immigration resulting
from the fall of the Iron Curtain around 1990 and also slight surpluses
of births over deaths led to high growth rates again between 1988 and
1994. These were halted in the mid
In 2018, Austria had
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 19.12.2019