Total population (annual average)

The annual average population is calculated as the arithmetic mean of quarterly figures applying the formula:

Annual average = (population on 1 January + 2x 1 April + 2x 1 July + 2x 1 October + 1 January of the following year) divided by 8.

Long-term trend

Austria's population has risen sharply in recent decades. Between 1961 (7.09 million inhabitants) and 2008 (8.34 million inhabitants), the population grew by more than 1.2 million people or 17.6%. The eight-millionth threshold was breached just before the start of the new millennium. However, the increase during this period was not constant. Phases of strong growth alternated with periods of stagnation or slight decrease. Population growth in the 1960s was due in particular to the surplus of births resulting from the baby boom of that time. During the late 1970s and early 1980s, the attenuating baby boom and, in part, negative migration balances slowed down population growth; at times during this period the total population even decreased. High immigration resulting from the fall of the Iron Curtain around 1990 and also slight surpluses of births over deaths led to high growth rates again between 1988 and 1994. These were halted in the mid-1990s by restrictive immigration policies. Since the beginning of the new millennium, sharply increasing net immigration has led once again to strong population growth.

Current final annual results

In 2019, Austria had 8 877 637 inhabitants (annual average). 1 460 884 residents were non-nationals; the share of foreign citizens was thus 16.5%. Children and young adults under 20 comprised 19.3% of the the population; 61.7% of inhabitants were aged between 20 and 64 years. 18.9% of the Austrian population were of retirement age (65 and above).

Please consult our German website for tables and charts containing further information.

Results (overview): Population (annual average)

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Demographisches Jahrbuch 2018
On the individual level, demographic change is caused by a vast number of decisions in the course of human life. On the aggregate level, the outcomes of these decisions lead to changes in the ...

Release date: 12/2019 ISBN:978-3-903264-28-1

 
 

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(PDF, 4 MB)

 
 

Demographisches Jahrbuch 2017
On the individual level, demographic change is caused by a vast number of decisions in the course of human life. On the aggregate level, the outcomes of these decisions lead to changes in the ...

Release date: 12/2018 ISBN:978-3-903106-95-6

 
 

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Demographisches Jahrbuch 2016
On the individual level, demographic change is caused by a vast number of decisions in the course of human life. On the aggregate level, the outcomes of these decisions lead to changes in the ...

Release date: 12/2017 ISBN:978-3-903106-57-4

 
 

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(PDF, 4 MB)

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