The results of a population census, a Register-based Census and the Register-based Labour Market Statistics present a numerical picture of the structure of the population, households and families in Austria. Because these statistics are compiled not solely for the overall federal territory but also for municipalities and even smaller domains, the census results serve as a basis for many public administration tasks, for economic decisions and for scientific work. They reflect the demand for transport facilities for commuters, facilitate the rational management of new business locations, and enable realistic zoning plans and land use measures.
From 2008 onwards, the Register-based Labour Market Statistics is provided annually, according to Appendix II of the Federal Statistics Act. Its concept has been developed in the framework of the test census 2006 and is based on administrative data on the reference date 31 October.
Further information about the Register-based Labour Market Statistics.
The Register-based Census Act of 16 March 2006 represents a turning point in the history of the Population Census in Austria. For the first time, the information needed is not collected from the citizens themselves, but is taken directly from already existing administrative registers. In the Register-based Census mainly data that has also been collected for the census in 2001 are included.
The Central Population Register represents the backbone of the Register-based Census. The other base registers are the Housing Register of Buildings and Dwellings (HR), the Business Register of Enterprises and their Local Units (BR), and the Register of Educational Attainment (EAR), all of which are maintained by Statistics Austria itself, as well as the Central Social Security Register (CSSR), the Unemployment Register (UR) and the Tax Register (TR, not including data about the income).
In close collaboration with the divisions within the Austrian Federal Chancellery responsible for data privacy and e-government, a data collection and linking method was developed, which eliminates the direct personal references in the data delivered to Statistics Austria while still allowing for linking the records. This is made possible by the e-government law. Each register that has to provide data for the Register-based Census provides a so-called "branch-specific personal identification number for official statistics" (bPIN OS) and their own branch-specific PIN for every record, both of which are generated by the Federal Ministry for Digital and Economic Affairs. As a preparation for the Register-based Census 2011, a test census for reference date 31 October 2006 has been carried out.
In December 2007, the Fiscal Equalization Law 2008 was enacted. It decrees that from the financial year 2009 onwards, Statistics Austria has to annually determine the population number on the 31 October for the Fiscal Equalization. If a census is carried out for the reference date 31 October, then the result of this census is the basis for the Fiscal Equalization two years later. That means the results of the Register-Based Census 2011 are used for the fiscal year 2013.
Further information about the Register-based Census.
The first "modern" population census, in other words, a statistical survey applying uniform principles involving the entire population in all parts of the country on the same survey date, was held in Austria in 1869 (surveys carried out prior to this did not comply with all these principles). At that time, the questionnaires were counted locally and added up into district totals. The same applied to the 1880 census. The 1890 Population Census was held using punched cards, and the results compiled by means of electric counting machines. Austria and the USA were the first countries to use this modern technical method. The technology was refined in 1900 and 1910. During the inter-War period, population censuses were held in 1923 and 1934, and in 1939 under foreign rule. Since 1951, they are regularly carried out every 10 years. While punched cards were still in use in 1961 (one cycle through the tabulating machines took six weeks), electronic methods were introduced in 1971, when data collection was converted to electronic slip reading simultaneously with Germany and Switzerland. This method was in turn refined in 1981 and 1991 to enable the transition to new technologies (the use of scanners and recognition software) in 2001.
Register-based Labour Market Statistics 2018
|Key Results for the Federal Provinces, Political Districts and Municipalities, Register-based Labour Market Statistics, 2018 (Territorial Status 2018)|
|Key Results for the Federal Provinces, Political Districts and Municipalities, Register-based Labour Market Statistics, 2018 (Territorial Status 2020)|
Register-based Census 2011
|Key Results for the Federal Provinces and Political Districts, Register-based Census 2011|
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 03.08.2020