Since the early 1970s, Austria’s population growth has almost exclusively been caused by migration gains from abroad because birth surpluses have become more or less negligible. Both international and internal migration movements are distributed unevenly across Austria with varying regional effects: while larger agglomeration areas have been experiencing migration gains, rural areas have been facing migration losses.
In 2020, there were 1 014 094 changes of residency in
Austrian. Those were approximately 44 600 fewer changes than in 2019,
which may be a result of a decreased mobility due to the Covid
The number of internal migration movements (781 472) was lower in 2020 than in the previous year, when 798 420 cases were recorded. The majority of these internal migrations involved relatively short distances, with around 54% of moves within the same municipality. Only 15% of all migrations were migrations between federal territories.
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 22.07.2021