Austria has been an important destination country for people seeking asylum since the end of World War II. During the era of the Iron Curtain, most applications were submitted by asylum seekers from communist East European states. In particular, large numbers of people applied for asylum from Hungary in 1956, from former Czechoslovakia in 1968, and from Poland in 1981/82. A total of 196 642 applications for Austrian asylum were submitted between 1961 and 1989. After the fall of the Iron Curtain and the associated political changes, former Yugoslavian countries became important for Austria’s asylum migration. Austria received 129 693 asylum applications between 1990 and 1999.
After the turn of the millennium, asylum migration to Austria changed its character: as a member of the European Union and being located on the most important routes for migration from the (Eastern) Mediterranean region, Austria became one of the main destination countries for asylum migration within the EU. This showed in an initial increase in asylum applications during 2001 to 2005, however, numbers declined considerably from 2006 onwards. Between 2000 and 2009, 221 151 people applied for asylum in Austria, mainly form Chechnya, Afghanistan, Iraq and Nigeria. From 2010 to 2015, asylum applications became more numerous again, reaching a peak of 88.340 applications in 2015. Since then, numbers have dropped substantially. In 2020, 14 775 people applied for asylum in Austria.
More detailed information on this subject can be found on the homepage of the Federal Ministry of the Interior (available in German only).
|Applications for Asylum in Austria 2021 by month of application and citizenship (preliminary results)|
|Applications for Asylum in Austria 2014-2020 by month of application and citizenship|
|Applications for Asylum in Austria 2000-2020 by citizenship|
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