In 2018, the Austrian Labour Force Survey (micro census) registered 3 950 000 private households. The micro census covers all persons living in dwellings, including temporarily absent persons. Institutional households (e.g. retirement homes, prisons, boarding schools, etc.) are excluded. Based on the population in private households (8 717 000), the average household is inhabited by 2.21 persons.
The distribution of the population in private households clearly shows
the trend towards smaller households. Single households constitute 17.0%
The majority of all private households (60.5%) are family households. These are almost exclusively one-family households. Only 60 000 households (1.5%) are home to two or more nuclear families – mostly parent-child relationships.
Very often, the term ‘household’ is associated with a married couple with one or more children. However, this household type is competing with numerous other household formations. Married and cohabiting couples with children make up only little more than one quarter of all households in 2019 (26.6%). In 1985, their share was considerably higher (37.9%).
Still, in comparison with other household formations, couples with children are the most common form of multi-person household types. They are followed by couples without children in the household (25.3%) and lone-parent families (mothers: 6.0%; fathers: 1.0%). However, it is important to consider that in the micro census the term ‘child’ refers to a son or daughter living with at least one parent, without a partner or own children - regardless of age. Thus, the total includes mothers and fathers living with their adult children.
Single households dominate the ‘non-family households’ (37.5% of all private households). By contrast, non-family multi-person households (e.g. flat shares) play a very minor role (2.1% of all private households).
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 01.07.2020