Results from the labour force survey show that in most families, only women take the opportunity to take parental leave or reduce their working hours to care for children.
Nonetheless, female employment patterns have changed fundamentally in the last decades. The difference in male and female employment rates have decreased from 23.8 percentage points to 11.2 percentage points in 2019. However, in the presence of children below 15 years, the difference in the labour market participation of men and women widens: in 2019, 92.3 per cent of men and 68.2 per cent of women with children below 15 were actively participating in the labour market. Yet, the gap (24.1 percentage points) has significantly decreased in the last decades: In 1994, only 52.4 per cent of women but 94.5 per cent of men with children below 15 years were employed.
Although employment of women has increased significantly since 1994, part-time employment dominates female career paths – especially those of women with small children. The share of women with children below 15 years working part-time only, expanded from 39.1 per cent in 1994 to reach 73.6 per cent in 2019. Thus, total hours worked have not increased with the same speed as the growth in employment rates.
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 20.03.2020