A diagnosis is a prerequisite for targeted and successful treatment. This does not just apply to the work of doctors in surgery and in hospitals. Just as the precise description of a sick person’s symptoms leads to the correct diagnosis and appropriate therapy, statistical recording of the health status of the population serves as a basis for efficient, need-based health policy and targeted work in the field of prevention and health promotion. In this context, routine compilation of statistics performs an important function.
Causes of death statistics have a tradition in Austria dating back to the 19th century and provide important indicators for the health status of the population as well as key data for clinical and medical studies. The data obtained from causes of death statistics forms the basis for numerous scientific studies investigating geographical, demographic and socioeconomic variations in mortality for specific diseases. Research questions relate to the aetiology of diseases, the evaluation of diagnostic and therapeutic techniques, to the investigation of health problems of specific groups and the identification of areas in which deaths may be prevented.
Cancer incidence (number of newly diagnosed cases of cancer per calendar year) is an important element of health reporting and serves as a basis for epidemiological research and for national and international scientific studies in the field of oncology. Comparison of cancer incidence and cancer mortality enables the success of health policy measures to be evaluated. The epidemiology of cancer incidence and cancer mortality plays a key role in health reporting. Data from the cancer registry and from causes of death statistics is also of major importance in the evaluation of screening programmes.
Since 1989, the Federal Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs, Health and Consumer Protection has annually transmitted medical and administrative data from Austrian hospitals to Statistics Austria. This is regulated by the Federal Act on Documentation in Health Care. On the basis of the data on inpatient stays, Statistics Austria annually compiles and publishes the Statistics on Hospital Discharges. Among other details, these statistics contain information on discharge diagnoses broken down by region. In the reporting year 1997, a system of service-oriented hospital financing (LKF – Leistungsorientierte Krankenanstaltenfinanzierung) was introduced. The LKF system is based on the accounting of hospitals for service specific diagnosis flat rates. This nationwide uniform service documentation provides the basis for Statistics on Medical Procedures.
Health surveys have been conducted in Austria since the 1970s and are a vital source of data for information on the health status and behaviour of the population as well as on the utilisation of health care facilities. The current survey (Austrian Health Survey 2014) provides representative results for the Austrian population aged 15 and above.
A further component of health statistics is data on health care staff and facilities as well as social insurance facts that are relevant to health.
The results of the calculation of health expenditure in Austria enable the health care system to be viewed from an economic perspective and provide information on the financing of the Austrian health care system and on the use of this public and private funding according to health services and goods. In order to enable an assessment of the relative importance of health expenditure in the Austrian national economy and to ensure international comparability, health expenditure is calculated in accordance with the OECD System of Health Accounts methodology and shown in relation to the gross domestic product.
|17.09.2020||Causes of death 2019: mainly age-related causes; one quarter died due to cancer|
|10.09.2020||Live births 2019: 30.1% were born by caesarean section; 7.4% preterm births|
|09.07.2020||About 4% of deaths in March and April 2020 due to COVID-19|
|12.06.2020||COVID-19 prevalence in May 2020 low, work situation of employed persons normalises|
|04.05.2020||COVID-19 prevalence study: maximum 0.15% of Austrian population infected with SARS-CoV-2|
|13.02.2020||Current health expenditure amounted to 10.3% of gross domestic product in 2018|
|30.01.2020||Cancer in Austria: 357 781 cancer patients and 41 389 new cases|
|18.11.2019||Hospital discharge statistics 2018: 2.7 million hospital stays, thereof 150 000 in rehabilitation|
|26.06.2019||Cardiovascular disease and cancer most frequent causes of death in 2018|
|13.06.2019||Live births 2018: 30% of babies born by caesarean section, 7% preterm births|
|28.02.2019||Hospital discharges 2017: more shorter stays, more day cases|
|12.02.2019||Current health expenditure remains unchanged at 10.4% of gross domestic product in 2017|
|31.01.2019||Cancer in Austria 2016: 350 562 cancer patients and 40 718 new cases|
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 17.09.2020