Sick leave

The statistics of sickness rates are maintained by the Austrian Social Insurance. It includes all medically confirmed sick leave cases (excluding normal deliveries) closed in the year under review. The group of persons covered includes all white- and blue-collar workers (excluding officials). The number of days of sick leave comprises all calendar days including weekends.

In 2019, a total of 4.735 million sick leave cases were recorded (men: 2.486 million, women: 2.248 million) – that is 34.9% more than ten years ago. Dieser Zuwachs ist zum Teil auf die gestiegene Zahl erwerbstätiger Personen zurückzuführen. To some extent this growth can be attributed to the rise in the population employed.

At the same time, the average length of sick leave has decreased significantly (to about half over the last fifty years). In 2009 it was 11.0 days, and in 2019 9.7 days. This trend is evident among women as well as among men, although the length of women's sick leave tends to be somewhat shorter. Nevertheless, employed women have more sick days than men (13.8 days versus 12.9 days) because absence due to illness is more frequent among women (1,428 cases per 1,000 employed women, 1,315 cases per 1,000 employed men).

In total, the annual number of sick leave per 1,000 employed persons amounted to about 1,100 in the period between 1990 and 2007. Since 2009, the number of cases per 1,000 employed persons has risen from 1,193 to 1,367. This corresponds to an increase of 14.5%.

In 2019, as in previous years, the most frequent causes for sickness absence were diseases of the respiratory system (about 499 cases per 1,000 employees), certain infectious diseases (about 220 cases per 1,000 employees), diseases of the musculoskeletal system (about 183 cases per 1,000 employees) and injuries (about 109 cases per 1,000 employees).

Further data on sick leave can be found on the homepage of the Austrian Social Insurance (only in German).

Results (overview): Sick leave (cases, duration, days) since 1965
Sick leave (cases, duration, days) 2019 by sex and diagnosis
Sick leave (cases, duration, days) 2019 by sex, age and section of OENACE 2008
Sick leave cases since 1990 by diagnosis

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