Sick leave

The statistics of sickness rates are maintained by the Austrian Social Insurance. It includes all medically confirmed sick leave cases (excluding normal deliveries) closed in the year under review. The group of persons covered includes all white- and blue-collar workers (excluding officials). The number of days of sick leave comprises all calendar days including weekends.

In 2018, a total of 4.627 million sick leave cases were recorded - that is 32.1% more than ten years ago. This increase is particularly noticeable among women (+36.6% versus 28.2% among men); to some extent this can be attributed to the rise in the population employed (women: +14.9%, men: +13.3%).

At the same time, the average length of sick leave has decreased significantly (to about half over the last fifty years). In 2008 it was 11.1 days, and in 2018 9.6 days. This trend is evident among women as well as among men, although the length of women's sick leave tends to be somewhat shorter. Nevertheless, employed women have more sick days than men (13.6 days versus 12.7 days) because absence due to illness is more frequent among women (1,421 cases per 1,000 employed women, 1,309 cases per 1,000 employed men).

In total, the annual number of sick leave per 1,000 employed persons amounted to about 1,100 in the period between 1990 and 2007. Since 2008, the number of cases per 1,000 employed persons has risen from 1,174 to 1,360. This corresponds to an increase of 15.8%.

In 2018, as in previous years, the most frequent causes for sickness absence were diseases of the respiratory system (about 518 cases per 1,000 employees), certain infectious diseases (about 215 cases per 1,000 employees), diseases of the musculoskeletal system (about 177 cases per 1,000 employees) and injuries (about 110 cases per 1,000 employees).

Further data on sick leave can be found on the homepage of the Austrian Social Insurance.

Results (overview): Sick leave (cases, duration, days) since 1965
Sick leave (cases, duration, days) 2018 by sex and diagnosis
Sick leave (cases, duration, days) 2018 by sex, age and section of OENACE 2008
Sick leave cases since 1990 by diagnosis

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