Each year around 40 000 people are diagnosed with cancer in Austria, with men being affected slightly more frequently than women. After cardiovascular diseases, malignant cancer is the second most common cause of death in both sexes. In view of the fact that these diseases primarily occur in older people, the importance of cancer incidences for describing health status and planning health care will continue to increase in future due to the increasing age of the population.
The epidemiology of cancer incidence (newly diagnosed cases per calendar year, data source: Austrian cancer registry) and cancer mortality (data source: Austrian causes of death statistics) play a key role in health reporting. Data from the cancer registry and from causes of death statistics is also of major importance in the evaluation of screening programmes.
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