The Environmental Goods and Services Sector (EGSS)

On the one hand the environmental goods and services sector summarises goods, technologies and services that measure, control, restore, prevent, treat, minimise, research and sensitise environmental damages to air, water and soil as well as problems related to waste, noise, biodiversity and landscapes. This includes “cleaner” technologies, goods and services that prevent or minimise pollution.

On the other hand it focusses on the careful use of natural resources. This mainly results in resource-efficient goods, technologies and services.

To display the environment industry in a comprehensive and internationally harmonized way, Eurostat developed “The Environmental Goods and Services Sector” – EGSS method.

The goal is to get harmonized, detailed data from EU countries at national level that will enable to analyse economic growth, value added, exports as well as the employment development of the EGSS.

The final data for Austria for 2018 show an output of 36.9 bn Euro, a gross value added of 14.3 bn Euro and an export of 11.3 bn Euro in the environmental goods and services sector (EGSS). 182 963 people (160 425 in full-time equivalents) were employed. 53.9% of these eco-employees (54.2% of full-time equivalents) were engaged in environmental protection activities; this related to 40.6% of output, 45.4% of gross value added as well as 27.5% of exports. 59.4% of output, 54.6% of gross value added and 72.5% of exports were conducted by 46.1% of employees (45.8% of full-time equivalents) with resource management activities. 44.3% of employees (41.0% of full-time equivalents) worked 2018 in the service sector (incl. ancillary activities) with 38.2% of output, 45.3% of gross value added as well as 7.4% of exports. Adapted goods generated 26.5% of output, 26.1% of gross value added, 14.8% of exports and 32.4% of employment (34.9% of full-time equivalents) respectively. 7.7% of output, 6.0% of gross value added as well as 9.2% of exports originated from the production of connected goods by 6.0% of environmental employees (6.3% of full-time equivalents). End-of-pipe technologies amounted to 4.4% of output, 3.8% of gross value added and 9.7% of exports respectively (2.9% of employment; 3.2% of full-time equivalents). Integrated (clean) technologies generated 23.2% of output, 18.8% of gross value added as well as 59.0% of exports of the EGSS with 14.3% of environmental employees (14.7% of full-time equivalents).

The management of energy resources is an important field of activity of the EGSS: 34.3% of environmental employees (about 62 800 persons) generated 2018 48.6% of the environmental output (about 18.0 bn Euro), 43.1% (6.4 bn Euro) of the environmental gross value added and 66.1% (7.4 bn Euro) of the environmental exports. The number of employees in full-time equivalents amounted to approximately 54 700 (34.1%). A wide range of activities is summarized under this domain: e.g. the production of renewable energy, renewable energy technologies, low energy buildings and the insulation of buildings. The protection and remediation of soil, groundwater and surface water covers for example organic farming as an adapted good (19.8% employment, 21.5% full-time equivalents, 7.0% output, 9.4% gross value added, 2.6% exports of the EGSS). The environmental activities wastewater management and waste management generated each essential shares of output, gross value added, exports and employment as well.

In Austria – if public transport is included211 204 environmental employees are measured for 2018.The handbook “Environmental goods and services sector accounts” excludes public transport. It recognizes the existence of sustainable transport activities which make use of vehicles with reduced impact on the environment. However the main purpose of these transport activities is not environmental. As it is proven that public transport is less harmful to the environment than individual transport the employees are shown as additional information to the EGSS.

Environmental Goods and Services Sector (EGSS)

Environmental Goods and Services Sector 2008 to 2018 with estimation of public transport
Environmental Goods and Services Sector 2008 to 2018 by goods, technologies and services
Environmental Goods and Services Sector 2008 to 2018, management of energy resources
Environmental Goods and Services Sector 2008 to 2018 by environmental domains
Environmental Goods and Services Sector 2008 to 2018 by economic activities
Environmental output and employment in Burgenland 2008 to 2017
Environmental output and employment in Carinthia 2008 to 2017
Environmental output and employment in Lower Austria 2008 to 2017
Environmental output and employment in Upper Austria 2008 to 2017
Environmental output and employment in Salzburg 2008 to 2017
Environmental output and employment in Styria 2008 to 2017
Environmental output and employment in Tyrol 2008 to 2017
Environmental output and employment in Vorarlberg 2008 to 2017
Environmental output and employment in Vienna 2008 to 2017

Eco-Industries

Environmental goods and services sector (Eco-industries) 2007 and 2008

EGSS 2018 by economic activities
EGSS 2018 by environmental protection and resource management activities
EGSS 2018 by main environmental activities
EGSS 2018 by goods, technologies and services


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