Energy balances

Preliminary energy balance in 2019

While last year there was a slight decrease in final energy consumption by around -1% to 1,126 petajoules (PJ), the current provisional energy balance shows an increase of around + 1% to 1,140 PJ. This means that the final energy consumption in 2019 will be at a similar level as in 2017.

A main reason for this lies in the transport sector, above all due to an increase in air traffic. Following a similar development as in the previous year, the use of kerosene in air traffic rose by + 15% (+5 PJ) and exceeded the growth rates from 2017 to 2018 (+ 12% or +4 PJ).

Road traffic also showed a development similar to the previous year, with the use of diesel fuel increasing by + 1% (+3 PJ) and petrol also by + 1% (+1 PJ).

The use of traditional heating energy sources, firewood, extra-light heating oil and natural gas, was at a similar level as in the previous year, partly due to the approximately equal heating degree sums (+ 1%). Only the use of district heating showed a moderate increase of + 3% (+2 PJ).

The total production of electrical energy at 255 PJ was + 9% (+20 PJ) higher than in the previous year, with an increasing generation mainly from hydropower (+ 9% or +12 PJ), wind power (+ 23% or + 5 PJ) and photovoltaics (+ 18% or +1 PJ).

A The production of district heating from renewable energy sources (biomass, ambient and solar heat, geothermal energy) increased by around + 4% (+ 2 PJ).

Final energy balance in 2018

In 2018, Austrian final energy consumption decreased by 1% to 1.126 petajoule (PJ) compared to 2017. According to Statistics Austria, the strongest decrease was reported for the household sector (-7% to 272 PJ), reflecting the development of the heating degree sum that decreased by 10% compared to 2017.

The consumption of nearly all fuels decreased in 2018: natural gas -1% to 198 PJ, heat from district heating -6% to 71 PJ, coal -3% to 18 PJ, renewables -5% to 171 PJ. However, the consumption of oil products and electricity remained nearly unchanged compared to 2017.

Electricity production decreased by -4% to 234 PJ in 2018. Compared to 2017, electricity generation from wind (-8% to 22 PJ) and hydropower (-2% to 135 PJ) decreased in 2018. Also electricity generation from thermal power plants using natural gas (-9% to 36 PJ), coal-based products (-8% to 13 PJ) as well as oil products (-16% to 3 PJ) decreased. On the other hand, electricity production in photovoltaic plants increased by 13% (to 5 PJ). The decrease in overall electricity production was compensated by the decline in exports.

The increase in energy consumption for land transport by 1% compared to 2017 can be explained by the 2% increase in the stock of motor vehicles.

Preliminary energy balance 2019 for Austria in Terajoule

Energy Balances - at a glance

Energy Balances – at a glance 1970 to 2018
Overall energy balance Austria 1970 to 2018
Energy balances Austria 1970 to 2018 (detailed information)
Electricity balance
Oil balance
Gas balance
Coal balance
District heat balance
Renewables balance
Wastes balance

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