Energy Accounts

Energy Accounts (EA) are a system of total accounts and are compiled by using a multitude of data sources. They provide information about the supply and use of energy commodities in physical and energetic units.

The supply consists of indigenous production and imports.

The use shows the intermediate use of energy commodities, their non energy use, losses, stock changes and the consumption of households.

There is no international standard that defines how to compile EA. The basic idea of developing EA is to allocate Energy balances (EB) data according to the format needed for generating the integrated NAMEA (National Accounting Matrix including Environmental Accounts). Therefore the intermediate use of the EA is broken down according to economic sectors (NACE classification). This allows the comparison of economic data with energy use data.

Energy Accounts in distinction to Energy Balances

EA contain all energy commodities included in the EB, but they do not include all energy balances items. EA present the item intermediate use according to the System of National Accounts (SNA) as only one item. In comparison to this EB differentiate between transformation input, consumption of energy industries and final energy consumption on the other hand. So EB focus on a detailed presentation of energy commodities as energy flows through Austria’s economy.

EB in contrast to the EA follow international standards and the sectoral breakdown given by Eurostat and the International Energy Agency (IEA). EA present the energy consumption of EB in the format needed for generating the integrated NAMEA according to the sector breakdown on the NACE 2-digit level.

EA follow the residence principle. All energy commodities used by resident units are accounted for. Based on the EB that follow the territorial principle corrections have to be made for energy commodities that are purchased by non resident units within Austria. These will be entered to the exports. Analogically energy commodities that are purchased abroad and used by resident units do constitute imports.

EB present all energy commodities, whereas EA do not consider internal use. So energy commodities produced and used by the same establishment within one accounting period are not accounted for in the EA.

Energy commodities used for transport purposes are allocated to the economic sector that is actually using it in the EA. In the EB transport is defined functionally and all fuels used for transport purposes are summarised in five functional defined transport sectors.

Energy Accounts as of 2008 (NACE 2008)

Energy Accounts 2008 - 2018
Energy Accounts 2008 - 2018 (detailed information)
Energy Accounts Coal 2008 - 2018
Energy Accounts Oil 2008 - 2018
Energy Accounts Gas 2008 - 2018
Energy Accounts Renewables 2008 - 2018
Energy Accounts Waste 2008 - 2018
Energy Accounts Electricity 2008 - 2018
Energy Accounts District Heat 2008 - 2018

Energy Accounts 1999 - 2008 (NACE 2003)

Energy Accounts 1999 - 2008
Energy Accounts 1999 - 2008 (detailed information)
Energy Accounts Coal 1999 - 2008
Energy Accounts Oil 1999 - 2008
Energy Accounts Gas 1999 - 2008
Energy Accounts Renewables 1999 - 2008
Energy Accounts Waste 1999 - 2008
Energy Accounts Electricity 1999 - 2008
Energy Accounts District Heat 1999 - 2008


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