Employer enterprise births (since 2015)

In 2017, 20 125 new employer enterprises were created with 70 550 persons employed (52 986 of them employees). The employer enterprise birth rate was 8.4%.

There was an average of 3.5 jobs which were created (for self-employed persons and employees). Most jobs per employer enterprise birth were recorded in the activities “Accommodation and food service activities” and “Administrative and support service activities” (4.6 each), “Transportation and storage” (4.2) as well as “Construction” (4.0).

The highest employer enterprise birth rates for the reference year 2017 were found for the activities “Arts, entertainment and recreation” (11.7%), “Administrative and support service activities” (11.1%), “Transportation and storage” (10.6) and “Education” (10.4%).The lowest employer enterprise birth rates were recorded in the activities “Mining and quarrying” (2.5%), “Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities” (3.3%), “Manufacturing” (4.6%) and “Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply” (5.6%). In absolute counts the economic sectors “Wholesale and retail trade” (3 823), “Accommodation and food service activities” (3 662) as well as “Professional, scientific and technical activities” (2 621) had the most new employer enterprises.

The results by legal form show that 62.3% of employer enterprises were created in 2017 as a sole proprietor. 25.4% of employer enterprises were formed as a limited liability company and 12.3% as partnerships or other legal forms. Most jobs on average per enterprise were created by partnerships or other legal forms (4.3).

Regarding to the employment size classes it can be found that most of the new employer enterprises had 1 to 4 employees (86.4%). The remaining percent accounted for the size classes 5 to 9 employees (10.2%) and 10 or more employees (3.4%).

The results according to provinces show that the employer enterprise birth rates were highest in Vienna (10.7%), Carinthia (8.5%) as well as in Lower Austria (8.1%) and Burgenland (8.0%). They were below the average for example in Vorarlberg (7.1%), Tyrol (7.2%), Salzburg (7.4%) and Upper Austria (7.7%).

In 2017, around two thirds (66.2%) of the employer enterprises (sole proprietorships only) were created by men. However, the female employer enterprise birth rate (10.9%) was higher than the male one (9.1%).

Development of employer enterprise births over time (2007 to 2017) 

The absolute employer enterprise birth counts over the time period from 2007 to 2017 were not subject of large fluctuations; the number of new employer enterprises decreased by 5.7%. The highest number of employer enterprise births was recorded in 2011 (23 196). Regarding the development by economic activity in this ten-year observation period, the number of employer enterprise births was growing the most in the following branches: “Real estate activities” (+46.4%), “Human health and social work activities” (+23.0%) and “Administrative and support service activities” (+6.4%). In the economic sectors “Mining and quarrying” (-50.0%), “Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities” (-41.3%) and “Financial and insurance activities” (-38.9%) employer enterprise births declined most.

Note

The numbers of enterprise deaths for the last two reporting years (here: 2016 and 2017) and those for enterprise births, active enterprises and survival for the most recent reporting year (here: 2017) are provisional.

Since 2015 a revised method to produce employer business demography statistics was used. The data were recalculated with the new method back to reporting year 2007. For enterprise deaths the recalculation of the new methodology for the years 2007 to 2009 was ex post only possible in a limited way. That is why there is a break in time series for the year 2010.

Employer enterprise births 2007-2017
Employer enterprise births 2007-2017 by legal forms (grouped)
Employer enterprise births 2007-2017 by employee size classes
Employer enterprise births 2007-2017 by provinces
Employer enterprise births 2007-2017 by gender of the sole proprietor
Employer enterprise births 2007-2017 by NUTS3 region


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