A total of
In 2012, newly born enterprises created an average of 2.4 jobs (for self-employed persons and employees). The highest number of employed persons per enterprise birth was found in the economic branches "Mining and quarrying" (4.1), “Manufacturing” (3.8) and “Administrative and support service activities” (3.3).
Regarding the birth rate by different economic branches, the 2012 rate was – as expected – highest
(6.0%) in the services
sector (sections G-S, NACE Rev.2, excluding 64.2 "Management
activities of holding companies") whereas it was below average
(5.5%) in industry
and construction (sections B-F). At NACE Rev.2 section level,
high birth rates were recorded in the economic branches of "Administrative
and support service activities" (9.0%), “Accommodation and food
service activities” (7.8%) as well as in “Construction” (7.4%).
The lowest birth rates were recorded in “Mining and quarrying"
(1.8%) and in "Human health and social work activities" (2.5%).
Measured in absolute counts, the activities „Wholesale and retail
trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles”
An analysis of enterprise births by legal form showed that the majority (around 65.7%) of enterprises
born in 2012 were sole proprietorships
The results by employee size classes reflect the predominantly small business structure of the Austrian economy: more than half (50.9%) of all enterprises born in 2012 had no employees. A further 42.7% (of new enterprises) had from 1 to 4 employees at the time of birth; only 4.1% and 2.3% were created with between 5 and 9 or with more than 10 employees, respectively. Active enterprises had mainly between 0 employees (40.2%), followed by those with 1 to 4 employees (38.8%).
Vienna was 2012 in relation to the other provinces the province with the largest number of enterprise births (27.0%). The second largest enterprise birth activities were in Lower Austria (16.0%) followed by Upper Austria (14.3%). Highest birth rates were recorded for Carinthia (6.3%), Vienna (6.2%), Burgenland (6.2%), Upper Austria (6.1%) and Styria (6.0%). NUTS3-Regions with high birth rates are: Vienna (27.0%), Linz-Wels (6.4%), Graz (5.4%) and Salzburg und Umgebung (4.9%).
The results by gender of the owner (regarding sole proprietorships only) show: 63.4% of the new sole proprietorships are owned by men. The birth rate by enterprises owned by women was with 6.7% higher than the one of the men (5.5%).
From 2004 to 2012 the number of new enterprises declined
by 11.8%. The fewest enterprise births were recorded in 2012
An evaluation of the development of births by legal form
illustrates that enterprises created as sole proprietorships declined
over this time period
Observing the trends of enterprise births by employee size class
it is shown that births with no employees, 5 to 9 and 10 and more employees
declined by 24.3%, 15.1% and 9.0% over time. Those that had from 1 to
4 employees grew considerably
Compared to other provinces, Lower Austria
The results by gender over time show that the number of newly born sole proprietorships
owned by men decreased by
|Enterprise births 2004-2012|
|Enterprise births 2004-2012 by legal forms|
|Enterprise births 2004-2012 by employee size classes|
|Enterprise births 2004-2012 by provinces|
|Enterprise births 2004-2012 by NUTS3-Region|
|Enterprise births 2004-2012 by gender of the sole proprietor|
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 09.09.2019