Regulation (EU) 2019/2152 of the European Parliament and of the Council of November 27, 2019 on European business statistics obliges Statistics Austria to continuously compile quarterly data on registrations of legal units from the first quarter of 2021 onwards. Due to the Corona crisis and the large user demand on this data, Statistics Austria decided to produce and to publish results starting already from reference year 2019. The results are published 40 days after the end of the respective reporting quarter.

According to preliminary figures from Statistics Austria, a total of 19 195 registrations of legal unites were counted in the first quarter of 2021. That is 1 631 more than in the first quarter of 2020. In the whole of 2020, 61 233 registrations were recorded, 6.5% fewer than in the previous year. Most of them in the first quarter (17 564). Only 11 808 registrations were counted in the second quarter. For the third and fourth quarters, the numbers are 16 731 and 15 130. For the first half of 2019, the total number of registrations, at 35 726, was significantly higher than that for the first half of 2020 (29 372). Figures of 29 764 are available for the second half of 2019. In comparison, 31 861 legal unites were registered in the second half of 2020.


Registration is the recording of a legal unit in the business register for administrative purposes (URV) under certain premises (see below). In addition to the URV, the statistical business register (URS) represents the central database for the quarterly statistics on registrations of legal unites. All market economy activities in sections B to S without section O and section S94 of ÖNACE 2008 are recorded.

The following sources from the URV are used to determine the number of registrations, the registration date and characteristics:

• Commercial register (FB)

• Chamber of Commerce (WIKA)

• Main association of the Austrian social insurance agencies (DV)

• Chambers of the Liberal Professions (KfB)

• Basic tax data, advance sales tax returns and income tax data (tax)

The creation of the statistics on registrations takes place in several steps. In a first step, rules (premises) are defined when a legal unit is counted as a registration:

1) Registration in the FB

2) Registration with WIKA

3) Registration with DV as an employer

4) Registration with DV as a self-employed person

5) Registration with the chambers of liberal professions as self-employed

6) Registration with the tax and sales figures ​​from the sales tax advance returns or income tax data are available.

The registrations of associations (Vereine) are not counted.

In a second step, the date of registration is defined. This is determined on the basis of the first sign of life in the sources, i.e. the first registration is counted.

Since the ÖNACE code is not always available in the data sources at the time of registration, the WIKA subject allocation is used as the data source for an initial allocation of the ÖNACE code. All other missing ÖNACE codes are estimated in a third step using an ÖNACE distribution based on the new entries in the URS.

Note: The data on the registrations for the last four reporting quarters are shown as provisional due to the relatively late availability of the underlying administrative data sources and are revised when a new quarter is published. In order to be able to map the effects of the Corona crisis in the data, the time series starts as early as the first quarter of 2019. If conceptual changes are necessary due to further analyses and quality improvements, the figures will be revised from Q1/2019.

Registrations by quarters and aggregated economic activities (ÖNACE 2008)

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