Livestock

Bovine livestock 1 December 2019

In Austria, a total of 1.88 million cattle was recorded on the reference day 1 December 2019. This represents a decrease of 1.7% or 33 300 animals compared to the results of the previous year.

With a minus of 2.1% the stock of cattle less than one year old declined to 605 000 animals. Compared to 2018, the number of calves for slaughter dropped by 1.8% to 152 000 and that of other calves and young cattle fell by 2.2% to 453 000.

A slight decrease of 0.5% to 426 000 animals was also recorded in the age class of one to less than two year old cattle. Thereby, the number of bulls and oxen rose (+1.1% to 165 000) as well as that of heifers for slaughter (+1.9% to 78 100), while the stock of heifers for production and breeding fell (-2.8% to 183 000).

Compared to December 2018, the number of cattle aged at least two years declined by 2.1% to a total of 848 000 animals. There was a slight increase of bulls and oxen (+0.9% to 20 000), while the remaining stocks dropped: heifers for slaughter (-2.5% to 18 700), heifers for production and breeding (-4.6% to 89 400), dairy cows (-1.7% to 524 000) and other cows (-2.5% to 195 000).

The number of holdings keeping cattle on the reference day decreased by 2.5% to 56 400 within the last year. The average livestock density remained at 33 cattle per holding.

About the methodology

The statistics are based on Regulation (EC) No 1165/2008 concerning livestock and meat statistics; implemented under Ordinance Federal Law Gazette II No. 163/2012 (available in German only) issued by the Federal Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, Environment and Water Management. The bovine livestock was determined through an evaluation of the central cattle database pursued by Agrarmarkt Austria in combination with data from the Association of Austrian Cattle Breeders. The administrative data were consolidated by the Federal Institute of Agricultural Economics, Rural and Mountain Research, which also subsequently processed the results.

Pig livestock 1 December 2019

With a minus of 0.1% or 3 300 animals the total stock of pigs remained almost unchanged at 2.77 million. Compared to the previous year, the number of piglets and young pigs (+0.4% to 1.37 million) increased as well as that of pigs for breeding (+0.6% to 234 000 animals), whereas the stock of pigs for fattening slightly decreased (-0.9% to 1.17 million).

In detail, the number of piglets fell by 0.3% to 651 000, that of young pigs rose by 1.0% to 722 000 animals. Further the number of pigs for fattening weighing 50 to less than 80 kg (+0.7% to 558 000) and pigs with at least 110 kg of weight (+2.6% to 138 000) increased. With a minus of 3.7% the number of fattening pigs weighing 80 to less than 110 kg declined to 470 000 animals. Among breeding sows, increases were recorded in the number of young breeding sows (+5.9% to 46 800) while old breeding sows decreased (-0.6% to 183 000). Simultaneously the number of covered breeding sows increased to 162 000 animals (+0.3%).

At regional level, the share of the three Laender (federal provinces) most relevant for pig production – Upper Austria, Lower Austria and Styria – slightly rose to 93.5% of the total stock (2018: 93.4%).

About the methodology

The survey is based on Regulation (EC) No 1165/2008 concerning livestock and meat statistics; implemented under Ordinance Federal Law Gazette II No. 163/2012 (available in German only) issued by the Federal Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, Environment and Water Management. The data on the stock of pigs, sheep and goats was collected by a separated livestock sample survey at around 7 000 holdings directly.

Sheep and goat livestock 1 December 2019

The number of sheep decreased by 0.9% to 403 000 animals, while that of goats rose by 1.1% to 92 500 compared to December 2018. Both sheep categories showed declines compared to December 2018: Ewes and ewe lambs put to the ram (-0.5% to 241 000 animals), other sheep (-1.5% to 162 000). While the number of goats which have already kidded and goats which have been mated (-0.3% to 60 100) decreased slightly, the stock of other goats (+3.7% to 32 400 animals) increased.

About the methodology

The survey is based on Regulation (EC) No 1165/2008 concerning livestock and meat statistics; implemented under Ordinance Federal Law Gazette II No. 163/2012 (available in German only) issued by the Federal Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, Environment and Water Management. The data on the stock of pigs, sheep and goats was collected by a separated livestock sample survey at around 7 000 holdings directly.

Livestock 2009 to 2019
Bovine livestock by Laender 1946 to 2019
Swine stocks by Laender 1946 to 2019
Sheep stocks by Laender 1946 to 2019
Goat stocks by Laender 1946 to 2019
Equine stocks by Laender 1946 to 2003

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