Economic Accounts for Forestry

Economic Accounts for Forestry (EAF) at NUTS 0 level - Austrian results for 2019

In 2019 due to severe weather conditions such as storms, heat and aridity as well as the fast spread of the bark beetle the forestry industry was continuously put under pressure. Record quantities related to damaged wood in Austria and in neighbouring countries resulted in significant price drops for timber. Timber harvest in total was only slightly lower than in 2018. Against the background of these developments the output value of the forest industry decreased by 11.0%. The preliminary calculations further indicate that the net value added as well as the entrepreneurial income of the Austrian forestry industry declined strongly compared to the figures of the preceding year.

The total output value of the forestry industry reached about €2.2 bn, of which the goods characteristic of the forestry and logging activity (comprising live forest tree plants, forest trees, sawlogs, industrial roundwood and raw timber for energetic use) accounted for about 83.7% and other goods and services (forestry services, inseparable secondary activities and other products) for about 16.3%. With a timber harvest volume of 18.9 million cubic metres under bark (-1.5%; cf. Austrian Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Regions and Tourism (2020): Annual timber felling report 2019) and significantly lower timber prices the output value of goods characteristic of the forestry and logging activity fell by 12.8% to about €1.8 bn. Both the output value of sawlogs (-16.9%) and industrial roundwood (-7.8%) experienced a decline, while raw timber for energetic use rose by 6.3%. The output value of sawlogs amounted to a total of €0.8 bn, the output value of industrial roundwood to a total of €0.1 bn and the output value of raw timber for energetic use to a total of about €0.3 bn. The output value of live forest trees (net increment of timber) amounted to €0.6 bn, decreasing by 16.6% compared to 2018. Following last year steep increase the services characteristic of the forestry and logging activity, accounting for 12.9% of the value of the forestry industry’s output, remained at a high level (-0.4% compared to 2018). Non-forestry secondary activities (inseparable), comprising 2.9% of the output value, increased by 2.0%. Other products, which accounted for only 0.5% of the value of the forestry industry’s output, decreased (-20.0%).

The value of intermediate consumption fell by 11.1% to €1.2 bn. The costs include the use of standing timber amounting to €0.6 bn in 2019 (-20.7%). Fixed capital consumption amounted to €0.2 bn (+1.1%).

Gross value added at basic prices (calculated from the output of the forestry industry minus intermediate consumption) declined by 10.8%. The decrease in net value added at basic prices, i.e. after deduction of fixed capital consumption, was 13.4% and of factor income 14.1%. Net entrepreneurial income slumped by 22.2%. The share of net entrepreneurial income in the output value of the forestry industry decreased to 21% (decennial average 2010-2019: 28%)

Methodology

The Economic Accounts for Forestry represent a satellite account of the System of Integrated Economic Accounts. Their main purpose is to analyse the production process in forestry and the primary income generated therein. The EAF were set up in Austria in 2001, in accordance with the requirements of Eurostat Handbook for Economic Accounts for Agriculture and Forestry EEA/EAF 97 (Rev.1.1). In 2019 the economic accounts of forestry were revised completely and the methodology according to the European Forest Accounts (EFA questionnaire, table B.1. on economic indicators of the forestry and logging activity) was adopted. Further information can be found in the methodological notes on EAF (in German only).

The EAF results presented here are based on the database available at the beginning of July 2020. Since for several data the latest information is not available, the results for 2019 are still provisional.

Regional Accounts for Forestry (Regional EAF) at NUTS 2 level - Results for the Länder (federal provinces) for 2018

The main producers of forestry output in Austria are Styria, Lower Austria, Upper Austria and Carinthia. In 2018, 25.4% of the total output value of the forestry industry of about €2.4 bn was generated in Styria and 25.2% in Lower Austria. Upper Austria contributed 15.9% and Carinthia 15.0%. Tyrol accounted for 6.9%, Salzburg for 5.7%, Burgenland for 3.5%, Vorarlberg for 2.2% and Vienna for 0.2%.

In comparison with the previous year, the value of the forestry industry’s output declined in four federal provinces (Tyrol: -11.7%; Burgenland: -11.4%; Salzburg: -7.7% and Carinthia: -1.2%). On the other hand, Lower Austria (+15.8%), Vorarlberg (+15.0%), Vienna (+8.8%), Upper Austria (+6.8%) and Styria (+1.2%) recorded increases.

Gross value added of the forestry industry increased in Lower Austria (+7.5%), Vorarlberg (+7.3%) and Upper Austria (+3.4%). Tyrol (-9.8%), Vienna (-9.3%), Salzburg (-9.0%), Burgenland (-5.0%), Carinthia (-3.1%) and Styria (-3.0%) faced a decline compared to 2017.

Methodology

In addition to the Economic Accounts for Forestry (EAF) for Austria, the Regional Accounts for Forestry provide data on the economic situation in forestry at the level of the Länder (federal provinces). They highlight regional disparities, and provide data on the contribution made by the individual federal provinces to the total output value and value added of domestic forestry.

Data of the Regional Accounts for Forestry for a reference year (n) are published in October of the year n+1. The current data for 2019 for the federal provinces are provisional. They are consistent with the EAF revision status as at July 2020.

EAF: Results (overview)
EAF: Production account
EAF: Generation of income account
EAF: Entrepreneurial income account
EAF: Elements of the capital account
Regional EAF: Composition of the output value of the forestry industry at basic prices in 2019 (values at current prices)
Regional EAF: Results (overview)
Regional EAF: Output value, intermediate consumption and gross value added of the forestry industry by Länder in 2018

Composition of the output value of the forestry industry
Composition of the output value of the forestry industry in 2019
Output value of the forestry industry, current prices
Main aggregates of the Economic Accounts for Forestry current prices
Share of the federal provinces in the output value of forestry industry at basic prices in 2018

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