In 2020, the forestry industry faced a series of ecological disturbances and economic challenges: calamities related to climate change such as storms, heat and aridity as well as bark beetle infestations caused large quantities of damaged wood; timber markets were saturated from overstocking and a surplus supply of damaged wood; timber prices hit a record low due to a dwindling demand for timber in accordance with the crisis related recession in Austria. As a result, timber harvests were decreasing significantly compared to the previous year. Against the background of these developments the output value of the forest industry decreased by 13.4%. The preliminary calculations further indicate that the net value added as well as the entrepreneurial income of the Austrian forestry industry declined strongly compared to the figures of the preceding year.
The total output value of the forestry industry reached about €1.7 bn,
of which the goods characteristic of the forestry and logging activity
(comprising live forest tree plants, forest trees, sawlogs, industrial
roundwood and raw timber for energetic use) accounted for about 80.6%
and other goods and services (forestry services, inseparable secondary
activities and other products) for about 19.4%. With a timber harvest
volume of 16.8 million cubic metres under bark
The value of intermediate consumption fell by 12.1% to €1 bn. The costs
encompass the use of standing timber amounting to €0.3 bn
Gross value added at basic prices (calculated from the output
of the forestry industry minus intermediate consumption) declined by
15%. The decrease in net value added at basic prices, i.e. after deduction of fixed
capital consumption, was 19.6% and of factor income 17,4%. Net entrepreneurial income slumped by 29.7%. The share of net
entrepreneurial income in the output value of the forestry industry
decreased to 15,4% (decennial average 2011
The Economic Accounts for Forestry represent a satellite account of the System of Integrated Economic Accounts. Their main purpose is to analyse the production process in forestry and the primary income generated therein. The EAF were set up in Austria in 2001, in accordance with the requirements of Eurostat Handbook for Economic Accounts for Agriculture and Forestry EEA/EAF 97 (Rev.1.1). In 2019 the economic accounts of forestry were revised completely and the methodology according to the European Forest Accounts (EFA questionnaire, table B.1. on economic indicators of the forestry and logging activity) was adopted. Further information can be found in the methodological notes on EAF (in German only).
The EAF results presented here are based on the database available at the beginning of July 2021. Since for several data the latest information is not available, the results for 2020 are still provisional.
The main producers of forestry output in Austria are Lower Austria, Styria, Upper Austria and Carinthia. In 2019, 26.1% of the total output value of the forestry industry of about €2.2 bn was generated in Lower Austria and 23.0% in Styria. Upper Austria contributed 17.1% and Carinthia 15.1%. Tyrol accounted for 7.3%, Salzburg for 5.7%, Burgenland for 3.5%, Vorarlberg for 2.0% and Vienna for 0.2%.
In comparison to the
previous year, the value of the forestry industry’s output declined
in all federal provinces, with the strongest decreases in Vorarlberg
Gross value added of the forestry industry also suffered the
sharpest decreases in Styria
In addition to the Economic Accounts for Forestry (EAF) for Austria, the Regional Accounts for Forestry provide data on the economic situation in forestry at the level of the Länder (federal provinces). They highlight regional disparities, and provide data on the contribution made by the individual federal provinces to the total output value and value added of domestic forestry.
Data of the Regional
Accounts for Forestry for a reference year (n) are published in October
of the year n
|EAF: Results (overview)|
|EAF: Production account|
|EAF: Generation of income account|
|EAF: Entrepreneurial income account|
|EAF: Elements of the capital account|
|Regional EAF: Composition of the output value of the forestry industry at basic prices in 2020 (values at current prices)|
|Regional EAF: Results (overview)|
|Regional EAF: Output value, intermediate consumption and gross value added of the forestry industry by Länder in 2019|
© STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Last Changed 16.07.2021