Economic Accounts for Agriculture

Economic Accounts for Agriculture (EAA) at NUTS 0 level - Austrian results for 2020

According to the results of the Economic Accounts for Agriculture (EAA), compiled by STATISTICS AUSTRIA at the beginning of July 2021, agricultural income in real terms (measured as factor income per labour unit adjusted for the effect of inflation) rose by 1.5% in 2020, after a decline of 6.3% in 2019. The slight income increase per labour unit was mainly due to the further decrease in agricultural labour input (-2.2%). The total factor income of the agricultural industry changed only slightly (+0.6% in nominal terms, -0.7% in real terms, respectively).

With €7.7 bn, the value of the agricultural industry’s output was 2.6% above the previous year’s level. The output value of crop production rose by 5.7%. Increases were especially recorded for fruits, forage plants and pumpkin seed, whereas the output value of root crops recorded a decline. The value of overall animal output declined by 0.6%, with losses in cattle and pig production and a rise in the output value of milk.

The cost of intermediate consumption of goods and services reached €4.6 bn (+3,6%). Expenses for fixed capital consumption accounted for €1.9 bn (+3.4%).

The value of overall subsidies (product-specific subsidies and other subsidies on production) accounted for €1.5 bn in 2020. The increase of 3.4% compared to the previous year was primarily attributable to COVID-19 payments.

Methodology

The Economic Accounts for Agriculture are drawn up in accordance with the currently applicable methodology for the Economic Accounts for Agriculture in the European Union regulated in Regulation (EC) No. 138/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council as amended.

The EAA results presented here are based on the database available at the beginning of July 2021. Since for several data the latest information is not available, the results for 2020 are still provisional. Final data for 2020 will be available in July 2021. As the latest available data is being continually incorporated into the calculation system, already completed reporting years are still subject to revisions.

Regional Accounts for Agriculture (REAA) at NUTS 2 level - Results for the Länder (federal provinces) for 2019

About three quarters of the output value of the agricultural industry in Austria are generated in the federal provinces of Lower Austria, Upper Austria and Styria. In 2019, Lower Austria produced 32%, Upper Austria 24% and Styria 19% of the Austrian total. Burgenland and Carinthia accounted for a share of 6%, Tyrol and Salzburg for a share of 5% each. Vorarlberg and Vienna contributed 2% and 1%, respectively.

The REAA shows the obvious disparities in the agricultural production programme that exist between the federal provinces. In Vienna, Burgenland and Lower Austria crop output accounts for more than half of the overall agricultural output value, whereas animal production dominates in the other federal provinces. Non-agricultural secondary activities play an above average role in Salzburg, Tyrol and Vorarlberg.

Due to the different production programmes and further influencing factors such as differing weather conditions, changes in the output value and value added of the agricultural industry usually vary across the federal provinces. In 2019, the value of the agricultural industry’s output increased in six federal provinces (Vienna: +6.1%, Upper Austria +5.2%, Lower Austria: +2.7%, Tyrol: +2.2%, Salzburg: +1.6% and Carinthia: +0.6%). Decreases were recorded in Styria (-1.4%), Vorarlberg (-3.4%) and Burgenland (-6.2%).

Gross value added at basic prices grew in Vienna, Upper Austria and Salzburg, whereas it declined in the other six federal provinces.

Methodology

In addition to the Economic Accounts for Agriculture (EAA) for Austria, the Regional Accounts for Agriculture provide data relating to the economic situation in agriculture at the level of the Länder (federal provinces). They highlight regional disparities, and provide data on the contribution made by the individual federal provinces to the total output value and value added of domestic agriculture.

Data of the REAA for a reference year (n) are published in October of the year n+1. The current data for the federal provinces for 2019 are provisional. They are consistent with the national EAA data published in July 2020.

Unlike the national EAA, the regional data are not updated several times a year, which means that deviations may occur compared with the current EAA results at the national level.

EAA: Results (overview)
EAA: Production account
EAA: Generation of income account
EAA: Entrepreneurial income account
EAA: Elements of the capital account
EAA: Agricultural labour input
Regional EAA: Composition of the output value of the agricultural industry at basic prices in 2020
Regional EAA: Results (overview)
Regional EAA: Output value, intermediate consumption and gross value added of the agricultural industry by federal provinces in 2019

Composition of the output value of the agricultural industry in 2020
Development of agricultural factor income and labour input 2000 to 2020
Development of output value, input value and gross value added of the agricultural industry 2000 to 2020
Share of the federal provinces in the output value of agricultural industry at basic prices in 2019

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