Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries Oktober 2021

Demographic Structure in the year 2020

During the year 2020, the Austrian population increased by 31 600 (+0.4%) to reach 8 932 664 inhabitants on January 1, 2021. This population growth was entirely caused by migration gains because the natural balance of the first year of the Corona-pandemic was negative due to a higher number of deaths (91 599) than of live births (83 603). Life expectancy at birth was reduced by 0.60 years for men and 0.47 years for women so that men had a life expectancy of 78.94 and women of 83.74 years in 2020. The total fertility rate decreased as well and women had on average 1.44 children – fewer than in the years 2014 to 2019. Measures to counter the Corona-pandemic lowered the number of marriages to 39 662, which was 14% less than in the previous year. Yet, registered partnerships (1 256) remained on a similar level as in 2019. The number of divorces and the dissolution of registered partnerships decreased in 2020.

Inpatient Psychiatric Acute Care >Refereed<

Acute inpatient care is one of the most important sectors of the healthcare system. Nearly 2.4 million inpatient stays were recorded in 156 acute care hospitals with 47,175 beds in 2019. The vast majority of these were for the treatment of somatic conditions, with psychiatric diagnoses documented as the primary reason for hospitalization in 4% of cases.

This article deals with the development of acute inpatient care for mental, psychosomatic and addiction disorders in recent years. The focus is on aspects of infrastructure (hospitals, departments, beds) and on treatment priorities in different areas of care. Data on the number and duration of hospital stays, discharge diagnoses, suicide and suicide attempts provide detailed insights into inpatient psychiatric care in Austria. Emphasis is placed on detailed analyses of various patient groups (according to age, gender, nationality and diagnosis).

Foreign Trade in the first half-year 2021

Preliminary results

Compared to the first half year 2020, the turnover of the Austrian ITGS (International Trade in Goods Statistics) of the first six months 2021 (preliminary results) indicated an increase with regard to imports as well as to exports. Austrian imports of goods rose by 22.2% to EUR 85.60 billion; Austrian exports grew by 16.5% to EUR 80.35 billion.

Foreign trade with EU member states showed growth in both trade flows (intra-EU-imports: +20.9% to EUR 57.42 billion; intra-EU-exports: +17,3% to EUR 54.95 billion). The value of imports from third-countries was 25.0% higher than the year before and amounted to EUR 28.18 billion, while exports rose by 15.1% to EUR 25.40 billion.

The Austrian trading of goods balance registered a deficit of EUR 5.26 billion from January to June 2021, up from EUR 1.11 billion in the same period in 2020. The coverage rate of import values by export values amounted to 93.9%.

CPI of August 2021

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2020) in August 2021 was 3.2% (July 2021: 2.9%). This was the highest value since December 2011 (3.2%). Expenditures for transport (+9.2% compared to August 2020) proved to be the most important price driver, followed by expenditures for housing, water and energy (+3.6%). The CPI 2020 was at 103.0, while the average price level increased by 0.1% compared to July 2021. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was 111.22 in August 2021 (July 2021: 111,18 revised) with a harmonised inflation rate at 3.2%.

The measures to contain COVID-19 had, like in the previous month, hardly any impact on the calculation of the inflation rate. Like in July only for two shopping basket positions imputation methods were applied: seasonal imputation for bus package tours and all items imputation for school sports excursions. In total, this affected about 0.5% of the weight of the basket of goods and services. For further in-depth explanation of the general principles and applied computation methods, please refer to the methodological information note on the compilation of the CPI in the context of COVID-19 in the internet or to the article “Effects of COVID-19 on the calculation of the Consumer Price Index – Information on methodology”.

Residential Nursing Home Accounts 2018 >Refereed<

The present article shows three evaluations from the internal analysis project of Statistics Austria under the title Residential Nursing Home Accounts. As part of this analysis project, the monetarily measured outputs and inputs of the production accounts for the area Residential nursing care activities and Residential care activities for the elderly and disabled are expanded to include a measurement in physical units. The first evaluation carried out on the basis of this analysis project concerns a detailed representation of the production process of Residential nursing care activities and Residential care activities for the elderly and disabled according to political districts and carriers. For the first time, quality aspects were also taken into account in the components of the production accounts. The second evaluation specifies the production process of Residential nursing care activities and Residential care activities for the elderly and disabled by mapping Residential nursing care services and Welfare services delivered through residential institutions to elderly persons on behalf of municipalities and municipal associations. The third evaluation analyses the effects of the abolition of the nursing regress, which has been in effect since 2018, on the macroeconomic variables of production and consumption.