Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries September 2021

Development and Distribution of Low-Wage Work in Austria and in the EU

Structure of Earnings Survey 2018

According to Eurostat, the proportion of low-wage earners in Austria was 14.8% in 2018, which was slightly below the EU average of 15.2%. As reported by Eurostat, 22.4% of women but only 9.3% of men were low-wage earners in 2018. The difference between men and women dropped slightly, but compared to other EU-member states Austria showed the largest disparity between the share of low-wage earners among men and women. Low wages were of relatively less significance among men in standard employment. In contrast it remained high among women in standard and non-standard employment. Substantial differences can also be observed by different factors: younger, employees with low education, service and sales workers, unskilled workers or employees with short job tenure had an above average rate of low-wage employment. By economic sectors the share of low wage earners was highest among employees in accommodation and food service activities. Employees who were not Austrian citizens were also more likely to earn low wages than those holding Austrian citizenship.

Wine Production and Wine Stock in 2019

In 2020, 2.40 million hectolitres (hl) of wine were produced in Austria. This corresponds roughly to the five-year production average (+1.8%), and means a slight increase (+3.2%) compared to the wine production in 2019. The harvest comprised 1.65 million hl of white wine (+1.4% to 2019) and 751 600 hl of red wine (+7.4% to 2019).

Burgenland yielded significantly higher amounts of wine than in 2019 due to more favourable weather conditions (+9.1%); the wine production in Lower Austria (+1.6%) and Vienna (+3.4%) increased whereas in Styria a slight decrease was observed (-0.7%).

Concerning the wine products, the amount of “Qualitätswein/Prädikatswein” rose to 2.21 million hl (+3.5% to 2019) and the quantity of “Wein/Landwein” decreased to 151 400 hl (-0.9% to 2019). According to the wine stock survey 2020, a stock of 2.93 million hl (-1.9% to 2019) of wine products was noted.

The volume of stored white wines (1.72 million hl) remained at the same level as in 2019 (-0.4%) whereas the stock of red wines (1.21 million hl; -4.1%) decreased. The capacity of “Qualitätswein/Prädikatswein” decreased to 2.35 million hl (-3.1% to 2019) and the stock of “Wein/Landwein” increased to 313 200 hl (+5.7% to 2019).

Consumer Price Index of July 2021

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2020) in July 2021 was 2.9% (June 2021: 2.8%). Expenditures for transport (+8.1% compared to July 2020) proved to be the most important price driver, followed by expenditures for housing, water and energy (+3.0%). The CPI 2020 was at 102.9, while the average price level increased by 0.3% compared to June 2021. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was 111.15 in July 2021 with a harmonised inflation rate at 2.8%.

The measures to contain COVID-19 had hardly any impact on the calculation of the inflation rate. Only for two shopping basket positions imputation methods were applied: seasonal imputation for bus package tours and all items imputation for school sports excursions. In total, this affected about 0.4% of the weight of the basket of goods and services. For further in-depth explanation of the general principles and applied computation methods, please refer to the methodological information note on the compilation of the CPI in the context of COVID-19 in the internet or to the article “Effects of COVID-19 on the calculation of the Consumer Price Index – Information on methodology”.

Derivation of Input-Output-Tables based on Supply-Use-Tables

This article shows why input-output tables (IO tables, input-output tables, IOT) based on supply-use tables (SUT) should not be derived by simply applying mathematical formulas. A reliable result can only be achieved by using a large amount of additional detailed information, which is usually only available for official statistics. All statements in this article are based on the requirements for official statistics in connection with concepts of economic theory.

Extended View on Energy Poverty in Austria in the year 2018

High energy costs or non-affordability of energy

For the third time, Statistics Austria analysed so-called “energy-poor” households, which are described according to sociodemographic characteristics. The focus was again on households with high energy costs and low household incomes according to the data of the microcensus energy 2017/2018. In addition, for the first time the aspect of non-affordability of energy was examined. For this purpose, households from the survey EU-SILC 2019 were analysed, who reported not being able to afford enough heating energy to have a comfortable living temperature. This provided substantial additional information on energy poverty in Austria. About 115 500 households (3.0%) were affected by the first aspect, energy poverty with high energy costs and low income. The second aspect of energy poverty, not being able to afford enough heating, was reported by about 94 000 households (2.4%).