Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries April 2021

Child and Youth Welfare 2019

Results of the provinces

Health is of enormous significance not only for the individual quality of life but – on a much larger scale – also represents an important societal value. Data on population health are of interest to all actors in public health. The article presents an overview of key health statistics in Austria, covering vital statistics, cause-of-death statistics, hospital discharge statistics and cancer statistics as well as data on conscripts, notifiable diseases, health resources and data from social insurance.

Foreign Trade 2020 - Preliminary results

Compared to the year 2019, the turnover of the Austrian ITGS (International Trade in Goods Statistics) of the year 2020 (preliminary results) indicated a slowdown with regard to imports as well as to exports. Austrian imports of goods declined by 8.6% to EUR 144.20 billion; Austrian exports fell by 7.5% to EUR 141.93 billion. Foreign trade with EU member states showed a decline in both trade flows (intra-EU-imports: -8.6% to EUR 98.60 billion; intra-EU-exports: -6.5% to EUR 95.74 billion). The value of imports from third-countries was 8.8% lower than the year before and amounted to EUR 45.60 billion, while exports declined by 9.5% to EUR 46.19 billion. The Austrian trading of goods balance registered a deficit of EUR 2.27 billion in the year 2020, down from EUR 4.32 billion in the same period in 2019. The coverage rate of import values by export values amounted to 98.4%.

CPI of February 2021

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2020) in February 2021 was 1.2% (January 2021: 0.8%). Prices for fuels and heating oil no longer declined as heavily as they did in January, significantly reducing their dampening impact on the inflation rate in February. Housing, water and energy (+2.6% compared to February 2020) remained the most important price driver. The CPI 2020 was at 100.8, while the average price level increased by 0.5% compared to January 2021. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was 109.39 in February 2021 (January 2021: revised 109.05) with a harmonised inflation rate at 1.4% (January 2021: revised 1.1%). Despite the end of the “hard lockdown” in the beginning of February2021 the measures to contain COVID-19 still had a significant impact on the calculation of the February inflation rate. The most affected sectors were in February: supermarkets and drugstores (method used: scanner data), gastronomy, theatre, tourism, entertainment, leisure, sport. Due to the end of the hard lockdown, in the retail sector the price surveys were changed from internet price collection to in-store collection. Furthermore, personal services like hairdressers were offered in February. Museums and zoos were open too. Where necessary, different imputation methods like seasonal imputation, all items imputation or carry-forward were applied. In total, this affected about 13.8% of the weight of the basket of goods and services. For further in-depth explanation of the general principles and applied computation methods, please refer to the methodological information note on the compilation of the CPI in the context of COVID-19 in the internet or to the article “Effects of COVID-19 on the calculation of the Consumer Price Index – Information on methodology”.

2019 Material Input

Industry and construction

This article presents the main results of the material input survey in industry and construction (sections B to F of ÖNACE 2008) for the reference year 2019 based on a commodity list derived from ÖCPA 2015. The sample represented 2 607 establishments of the economically most important enterprises (each with on average 20 and more persons employed and a total economic production value of EUR 10.0 million and more in the reference year). These enterprises covered about 76% of the total economic production value according to the short term statistics survey of the respective reference year. The main purpose of this survey is to provide detailed and comparable information on material input (and on purchase of material intended for production processes within the processing unit, respectively) for the calculation of input-output-tables in accordance with the SNA, of material flows and of energy balances. Furthermore, enterprises can compare the material input of their own economic sector with that of other branches. The total value of material input in 2019 amounted to EUR 81.4 billion, representing 41.7% of the total economic production value of the surveyed establishments. In comparison to the total material input, 23.8% of these materials further processed are basic metals (iron, steel and non-ferrous materials) as well as fabricated metal products except machinery and equipment, followed by chemicals, chemical products and rubber and plastic products (12.0%).

Innovation activities 2016-2018

International comparison

The Community Innovation Survey (CIS 2018) was carried out over the reference period 2016 to 2018 based on a European regulation which is mandatory for the countries of the European Economic Area (EEA). It has compiled the most important indicators about innovation activities in European enterprises with ten and more employed persons. This article compares data on product and business process innovations and analyses shares of turnover with innovative products, innovation expenditure, innovation cooperation as well as further innovation-related indicators in the different European countries. 50% of all enterprises in the EU were innovation active between 2016 and 2018. 30% introduced a product innovation, and 41% a business process innovation. In Austria, those figures lied well above the EU average.