Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries March 2021

Health Statistics 2019

Health is of enormous significance not only for the individual quality of life but – on a much larger scale – also represents an important societal value. Data on population health are of interest to all actors in public health. The article presents an overview of key health statistics in Austria, covering vital statistics, cause-of-death statistics, hospital discharge statistics and cancer statistics as well as data on conscripts, notifiable diseases, health resources and data from social insurance.

Poultry Production in 2020

In 2020 the total weight of chickens slaughtered in slaughterhouses under obligation to report (with a minimum of 5 000 slaughtered poultry per year) amounted to 125 000 tonnes, which corresponds to 98.0 million slaughtered chicken. In comparison to 2019 this means an increase of 8.2%. In brooder houses (with a minimum capacity of 1 000 eggs) the number of hatched chicken eggs rose in comparison to the previous year by 5.7% to 132.5 million pieces, the number of hatched out chicks rose by 3.5% to 103.8 million chicks.

Income Tax Statistics 2018

The income tax statistics for 2018 shows 1 019 420 tax assessments (+14 824 or +1.5% compared to the previous year), of which 719 202 were assessments giving rise to tax (+19 521 or +2.8%), and 300 218 were assessments not liable to tax (-4 697 or -1.5%). Assessments not liable to tax relate to persons who are assessed for income tax and are in principle liable for tax, but who have minimal or no taxable income due to low income, losses or the deduction of special expenses. As a result, no tax or only a minimal amount of tax is prescribed, which is either reduced to zero due to various tax credits or results in a credit note. In comparison with 2017 (without assessments not liable to tax), the volume of income rose to EUR 35.7 billion (+4.7%). Taxable income reached EUR 34.8 billion (+4.8%) and assessed income tax amounted to EUR 11.3 billion (+7.0%), giving a tax burden ratio of 32.3%.

CPI of the year 2020

The average annual inflation rate in 2020 of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2015) was 1.4%. This result was lower than 2019 with 1.5%, 2018 with 2.0% and 2017 with 2.1%, but higher than 2016 with 0.9%. In 2020 the inflation rate oscillated between 0.7% in May and 2.2% in February. Throughout the year, the inflation rate was mainly influenced by the upward price trend for housing (rents – the biggest price driver), increasing prices for restaurants and hotels, as well as higher prices for food and non-alcoholic beverages. The average annual inflation rate in 2020 in terms of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was also 1.4% and so it was below 2019 (1.5%). This index was most influenced by restaurants and hotels and by the group “Housing”. Increasing prices for food and non-alcoholic beverages influenced the HICP as well as the CPI.

The extensive restrictions on public life to contain COVID-19 had an impact on the calculation of the consumer price index since April 2020. Some of the prices could not be collected as usual and were therefore imputed or carried forward. Different methods and approaches were used to compensate for the survey failures and to limit their impact on the inflation rate. For further information please refer to the methodological information note on the compilation of the CPI in the context of COVID-19 in the internet or to the article “Effects of COVID-19 on the calculation of the Consumer Price Index – Information on methodology”.

CPI of January 2021

The consumer price index (CPI) for January 2021 is the first to be calculated and published with the new reference year 2020. The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2020) in January 2021 was 0.8 (December 2020: 1.2%). The decline was primarily caused by lower prices for food. Housing, water and energy (+2.1% compared to January 2020) remained the most important price driver. The CPI 2020 was at 100.3, while the average price level decreased by 0.8% compared to December 2020.

The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was 109.01 in January 2021, with a harmonised inflation rate at 1.0%.

The measures to contain COVID-19 and the ongoing “hard lockdown” (since December 2020) had a strong impact on the calculation of the January inflation rate. Several measures still affected the following sectors: retail (method used: internet price collection), supermarkets and drugstores (method used: scanner data), gastronomy, culture, tourism, entertainment, leisure, sport and personal services like hairdressers. Where necessary, different imputation methods like seasonal imputation, all items imputation or carry-forward were applied. In total, this affected about 19.6% of the weight of the basket of goods and services. For further in-depth explanation of the general principles and applied computation methods, please refer to the methodological information note on the compilation of the CPI in the context of COVID-19 in the internet or to the article “Effects of COVID-19 on the calculation of the Consumer Price Index – Information on methodology”.

Integrated NAMEA 1995 to 2018

An integrated NAMEA (National Accounting Matrix including Environmental Accounts) enables the comparison of environmental data and economic key figures for industry and private households. Its purpose is the description of the society’s impacts on the environment. Economic key figures considered are production value, gross value added as well as employees and self-employed persons. Environmental figures comprise material input, energy consumption, air emissions as well as hazardous and non-hazardous wastes, environmental expenditure for air pollution prevention and climate protection as well as waste management and the revenue of environmental taxes. The material input increased between 1995 and 2018 by 14,0% and energy consumption (dominated by non-renewable energy carriers) by 17.2% while gross value added rose by 54.4%. The expenses for protection of ambient air and climate rose by 46.2%, those for waste management by 204.2% and environmental taxes increased by 93.3% overall. Eight out of ten air emissions could be reduced.

How’s Austria? COVID-19 Outlook

February 2021 Update

The project “How's Austria?” (WgÖ) offers an outlook on effects of the COVID-19 crisis in its current 2020 report. Initial data for 2020 show that the crisis had a predominantly negative impact on the areas of material wealth and quality of life, but a positive impact on at least some of the environmental indicators. The impact of the Corona crisis on economic development is clearly evident through metrics such as gross domestic product (-14.1% in the second quarter compared to second quarter 2019) and consumption. In addition, the health crisis led to a significant increase in unemployment. For quality of life, the direct consequences of the pandemic for health must be taken into account on the one hand and indirect effects on the other; significant effects are also emerging for social participation, poverty as well as for education. Some measures to combat the Corona virus are likely to have a positive impact on the environment: Reductions in the production of goods, consumption or transport usually have a lowering effect on a country's resource consumption or emissions.