Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries June 2020

Crop Production in 2019

The final results of the cereals harvest (incl. grain maize) showed a production of 5.42 million tons (+12.8% to 2018), which means an increase of 6.1% compared to the ten years average. While dryness in winter and summer was regionally responsible for yield losses, most field crops profited from the rainy May. Dry pulses and oilseeds achieved a production of 449 200 tons, up by 3.9% over 2018. The area of root crops was reduced anew and therefore this product group with 2.72 million tons achieved again the lowest harvest result of the last ten years (-4.6% compared with 2018; -30.2% less than the ten years average). For the third time in a row green fodder was strongly affected by dryness and therefore only 519 400 tons of clover hay (+6.5% to 2018; -11.2% to the ten years average) and 5.48 million tons of meadow hay including temporary grasses (+0.5% to 2018; -14.9% to the ten years average) were harvested.

Poultry Production in 2019

In 2019 the total weight of chickens slaughtered in slaughterhouses under obligation to report (with a minimum of 5 000 slaughtered poultry per year) amounted to 116 000 tonnes. In comparison to 2018 this means an increase of 5.4%. In brooder houses (with a minimum capacity of 1 000 eggs) the number of hatched chicken eggs declined in comparison to the previous year by 3.0% to 125.3 million pieces.

Slaughtering Statistics 2019

A total of 625 000 cattle, 55 100 calves, 5 086 000 pigs, 342 000 sheep and lambs, 53 800 goats and kids as well as 564 horses, foals and other equids were slaughtered in 2019. This resulted in overall 742 000 tonnes of meat. Compared to the previous year, the number of slaughtered cattle decreased by 2.1% and that of calves by 0.2%. The number of pig slaughterings fell by 1.3%. Slaughterings of sheep (incl. lambs) rose by 15.9% and that of goats (incl. kids) by 1.7%. Except sheep meat (incl. lambs) with a plus of 4.3%, the meat production decreased: beef -1.6%, veal -1.3%, pork -1.1% and goat (incl. kids) -12.8%.

Consumer Price Index of April 2020

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2015) in April 2020 was 1.5%, as Statistics Austria reports (March 2020: 1.6%). Lower prices for fuels were mainly responsible for the decrease of the April inflation rate. Price increases for housing, water and energy (+2.3% compared to April 2019) remained the most important price driver, followed by those for food (+2.6%). The index level of the CPI was 108.1 in April 2020. Compared to the previous month, the average price level remained unchanged. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) in April 2020 was 108.75, with the harmonised inflation rate amounting to 1.5%.

COVID-19 lockdown measures had a significant impact on the calculation of the April inflation rate. The price surveys for the consumer price index were changed from in-store collection to other methods like internet price collection and the use of scanner data. Where necessary, imputation methods like seasonal imputation, all items imputation or carry-forward were applied. For about 26% of the weight of the basket of goods and services, various other methods were applied due to missing price information in April 2020. For further in-depth explanation of the general principles and applied computation rules, there is a methodological information note on the compilation of the CPI in the context of COVID-19. See “Effects of COVID-19 on the calculation of the Consumer Price Index in April 2020 – Information on methodology”, page 439 ff.

Effects of COVID-19 on CPI

Information on methodology

The price collection for April 2020 faced special challenges due to the COVID-19 restrictions. A large part of the shops were closed and therefore could not be visited by price collectors as usual. Services were only offered to a limited extent, if at all. Some of these missing prices could be replaced by telephone and online surveys. Where this was not possible, the inflation rate was calculated using imputations. With these, either the prices of the previous month were carried forward, the general inflation rate of all available products was imputed, or the seasonal pattern of the previous year was adopted. This approach affected around 26% of the basket of goods and services, measured by their weight. For the first time, scanner data was also used to replace physical price collection in food shops and drugstores.

2019 Short-Term Statistics

Preliminary results in industry and construction

This article deals with the preliminary main results of enterprises and establishments at 2-digit level of ÖNACE 2008 of the EU-harmonised short-term statistics in industry and construction (sections B to F of ÖNACE 2008) for the reference year 2019, whereas the results of the establishments are available for Austria as a whole and separately for each province (NUTS 2 level). In general, it should be taken into account that the items number of enterprises, number of establishments, employees and unfilled orders refer to the fixed day of 31 December 2019, whereas the main figures concerning earnings, volume of work, turnover, orders received and production are published as annual results. In 2019, 10 060 enterprises (-1.1% compared with the previous year) of industry and construction with 818 220 employees (+2.1%) achieved a total turnover of EUR 280.1 billion (+1.2%); the share of export turnover was 51.3%. 817 318 employees (+2.1%) in the 10 630 establishments (-1.1%) of sections B to F of ÖNACE 2008 worked 1 339.7 million hours (+2.1%) and received a total gross income (wages, salaries, compensations and extra payments) of EUR 39.5 billion (+5.2%). On 31 December unfilled orders stood at EUR 64.5 billion (-2.2%). The value of the production sold amounted to EUR 275.8 billion (+0.7%).

Material Flow Accounts 2000 to 2017

… and selected indicators

Material Flow Accounts as one part of environmental economic accounts show physical exchange processes between society and nature or between national economies. This article comprises time series (2000 to 2017) on e.g. domestic extraction and imports of the four main material categories: biomass, metal ores, non-metal minerals and fossil fuels. Furthermore, information is given on resource use indicators as derived from material flow accounts. The indicator for direct material input (DMI) measures the total input of materials into the socio-economic system originating from the natural environment or from the rest of the world. DMC (domestic material consumption) measures the total amount of material directly used in an economy and equals direct material input (DMI) minus exports. Both indicators are highly compatible with national accounts. In Austria the DMI rose by 12.9% from 2000 to 2017, whereas DMC only increased by 1.0%. As, during the same period, gross domestic product grew by about 28.5%, resource efficiency (GDP/DMC) increased significantly. The resource efficiency indicates how much economic achievement in Euro per ton material deployment is gained – EUR 1.990 per ton in 2017 compared to EUR 1.570 per ton in 2000.

„Straßengüterverkehrs-App“

A new electronic questionnaire for road freight transport statistics

In the following article a new electronic questionnaire, which has been in use since January 2020, and its functionalities are described. The new “Straßengüterverkehrs-App” consists of a modern web-questionnaire (Backoffice) as well as of a mobile survey app for smartphones and tablets, whereby Backoffice also can be used as “Stand Alone” web-questionnaire. The smartphone app is able to record essential information of the performed journeys automatically when GPS is switched on. It can be used only in combination with the Backoffice. Thereby, as well as by further simplifications during the reporting process of the required messages the burden for the companies was reduced considerably. Moreover, several accompanying steps by Statistics Austria during the introduction of the new questionnaire are described. Finally, first reactions and response rates are presented.