Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries April 2020

Foreign Trade – Preliminary results 2019

Compared to the year 2018, the turnover of the Austrian ITGS (International Trade in Goods Statistics) of the year 2019 (preliminary results) indicated an increase with regard to imports as well as to exports. Austrian imports of goods rose by 1.2% to EUR 157.97 billion; Austrian exports grew by 2.5% to EUR 153.79 billion. Trade in goods with EU member states showed a growth in both trade flows (intra-EU-imports: +0.4% to EUR 110.77 billion; intra-EU-exports: +2.2% to EUR 107.21 billion). Imports and exports from third-countries rose as well (extra-EU-imports: +3.2% to EUR 47.20 billion; extra-EU-exports: +3.2% to EUR 46.58 billion). The Austrian trading of goods balance registered a deficit of EUR 4.18 billion in the year 2019 while in the year 2018 the balance had shown a deficit of EUR 5.99 billion. The coverage rate of import values by export values amounted to 97.4%.

Fruit Production in 2019

In 2019 a production of 225 200 tons of dessert fruits was achieved following a year of very high pome fruit harvest. This is about one fifth below the previous year's production (-20.8%) and corresponds to the ten years average. Pome fruit reached a quantity of 190 600 tons (-24.6% compared to 2018) and decreased below the ten years average level (-3.1%). The production of stone fruit came to 15 600 tons – that was 7.4% over the production of the previous year and 27.0% over the ten years average. The harvest of berries yielded 18 700 tons, which was 12.6% over the ten years average and 14.1% over the previous year's level. Apples, the main Austrian fruit species, brought a harvest of 184 300 tons (-23.2% compared to 2018). Apricots achieved a very high production of 9 500 tons (+24.4% to 2018) and strawberries reached an amount of 13 600 tons (+24.8% to 2018).

Vegetable Production 2019

In 2019 the production of vegetables increased by 8.7% to 611 500 tons compared to the previous year. This was close to the five years average level (+1.0%). Compared to 2018, the harvest of root, tuber and bulb vegetables including pulses increased by 10.7% to 310 400 tons. Due to dryness and pest diseases, onions, the main vegetable product of Austria, reached only 141 600 tons (+7.1% to 2018), which was 13.0% under the five years average. Carrots yielded 108 200 tons and thus clearly increased compared to 2018 (+15.3%). The production of leafy and stalked vegetables – including brassicas – increased by 15.5% to 140 000 tons and overruled slightly the five years average (+1.6%), therefore. The main products were salads with 46 800 tons (+18.4% to 2018) and cabbage with 36 300 tons (+20.5% to 2018). The harvest of vegetables cultivated for fruit, however, remained stable (+/-0.0%) and brought a harvest of 161 100, which was 3.6% more than the five years average. The most important products were tomatoes with 58 300 tons (+0.3%) and cucumbers with 45 300 tons (+0.9%).

2017 Income Tax Statistics

The income tax statistics for 2017 shows 1 004 596 tax assessments (+20 431 or +2.1% compared to the previous year), of which 699 681 were assessments giving rise to tax (+25 748 or +3.8%), and 304 915 were assessments not liable to tax (-5 317 or -1.7%). Assessments not liable to tax relate to persons who are assessed for income tax and are in principle liable for tax, but who have minimal or no taxable income due to low income, losses or the deduction of special expenses. As a result, no tax or only a minimal amount of tax is prescribed, which is either reduced to zero due to various tax credits or results in a credit note. In comparison with 2016, the volume of income rose to EUR 34.1 billion (+5.1%). Taxable income reached EUR 32.2 billion (+5.1%) and assessed income tax amounted to EUR 10.5 billion (+5.8%), giving a tax burden ratio of 31.7%.

CPI of February 2020

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2015) in February 2020 amounted to 2.2% (January 2020: 2.0%). The expenditures for housing, water and energy (+2.8% compared to February 2019) proved to be the most important price driver, followed by expenditures for restaurants and hotels (+3.4%). The index level of the CPI was 107.8 in February 2020. Compared to the previous month, the average price level increased by 0.2%. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) in February 2020 was 107.92, with the harmonised inflation rate amounting to 2.2%.

Toll data ...

... as an additional data source for Road Freight Transport Statistics

This article analyses the use of an additional data source – in this case the toll data collected by the ASFINAG (Autobahnen- und Schnellstraßen-Finanzierungs-Aktiengesellschaft) – to improve the quality of official statistics. The statistics on freight transport on Austria's roads result from the national survey as well as the surveys, which are conducted by several states on the basis of EU-legislation, whose results Eurostat disseminates to Statistics Austria. As there is no strict methodology for the implementation of these surveys, they are slightly different regarding the individual states. Results from third states are generally missing. Therefore Statistics Austria has developed a model based on the collected toll data on the higher-ranking road network in Austria. The principle of this model consists in weighting the results of official statistics by vehicle-kilometres which are collected and billed for the toll data. The weighted results show an annual average increase of 9% for transport volume and 20% for transport performance. To ensure access to already available data, the unweighted results for the reporting years 2009 to 2014 will continue to be available. For the reporting years 2015 to 2017, both unweighted and weighted results are published and from reporting year 2018 solely weighted. The article concludes with a detailed description of the results for 2018.

How’s Austria? 2019

The project “How's Austria?” represents the various dimensions of wealth and progress for Austria. A set of 30 key indicators complements GDP to analyse the aspects of material wealth, quality of life and environment. An evaluation scale for the key indicators provides a quick overview of their development. The current issue of the study draws a differentiated picture of progress and wealth in Austria. Never before, the indicators of material wealth have been rated that positively in the short term (last three years). Gross domestic product (+1.9% per capita, real), disposable income (+0.8% per capita, real) and consumption (+0.6% per capita, real) rose in 2018, while the unemployment rate fell significantly (to 4.9%). In the short term, there is also no negative assessment in the area of quality of life. Subjective life satisfaction remains at a high level for 2018 and the proportion of people at risk of poverty or social exclusion has fallen slightly to 17.5% (2017: 18.1%). The environmental indicators for 2018, on the other hand, are predominantly judged negatively, with the exception of the indicators on organic land (very positive) and on eco-tax shares (neutral). A growing consumption of resources like energy or land use (+26% from 2010 to 2018) are still considered problematic.