Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries March 2020

Household Projection 2019-2080

Projection for Austria and NUTS 2 regions

The number of households in Austria will increase from 3.65 million (2011) to 4.18 million (+14.6%) until 2030, and to 4.66 million (+27.7%) in the year 2080. The increase of single-person households (+48.5% until 2080) will amount about three times the growth of the households with two or more persons (+15.8%). Consequently the average household size declines. Among the households with two or more persons the quantity of two- and three-person households will increase, the number of those with four or five persons will stay more or less stable whereas the number of bigger households will decline.

Wage Tax Assessments 2017

At the time the data were received (October 2019) wage tax assessments for 2017 had been done for about 4.4 million wage-tax payers. These are 62.6% of all persons covered by the wage tax statistics 2017. Although employees and pensioners may file an application for wage tax assessment for a certain year until the end of the fifth following year, experience shows that by October of the second following year more than 90% of these applications are filed. Compared to the results of wage tax statistics 2017 wage tax assessments for 2017 caused a tax refund of EUR 1 716.9 million, which is equivalent to 6.5% of the originally withhold wage tax. The total is divided into EUR 1 579.4 million wage tax refund for employees and EUR 137.6 million for pensioners. The average refund per person who filed an application for wage tax assessment amounted to EUR 394.

Inflation 2019

The average annual inflation rate in 2019 of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2015) was 1.5%. This result was lower than 2018 with 2.0% and 2017 with 2.1%, but higher than 2015 and 2016 (each with 0.9%). In 2019 the inflation rate oscillated between 1.1% (October and November) and 1.8% (January and March). Throughout the year, the inflation rate was mainly influenced by the upward price trend for housing (rents – the biggest price driver), increasing prices for restaurants and hotels, as well as higher prices for miscellaneous goods and services and for recreation and culture. The average annual inflation rate in 2019 in terms of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was also 1.5% and so it was below 2018 (2.1%). This Index was the most influenced by restaurants and hotels and by the group “Housing”. Increasing prices for miscellaneous goods and services influenced the HICP as well as the CPI.

CPI of January 2020

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2015) in January 2020 amounted to 2.0% (December 2019: 1.7%). Higher price dynamics for fuels were mainly responsible for the increase of the January inflation rate. Price increases for housing, water and energy (+3.0% compared to January 2019) remained the most important price driver, followed by those for restaurants and hotels (+3.1%). The index level of the CPI was was 107.6 in January 2020. Compared to the previous month, the average price level decreased by 0.5%. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) in January 2020 was 107.91, with the harmonised inflation rate amounting to 2.2%.

2018 Material Input

This article presents the main results of the material input survey in industry and construction (sections B to F of ÖNACE 2008) for the reference year 2018 based on a commodity list derived from ÖCPA 2015. The sample represented 2 574 establishments of the economically most important enterprises (each with on average 20 and more persons employed and a total economic production value of EUR 10.0 million and more in the reference year). These enterprises covered about 75% of the total economic production value according to the short term statistics survey of the reference respective year.

Eco-Taxes 1995 to 2018

The fundamental framework for environmental tax statistics was created by Eurostat, the Directorates General Environment as well as Taxation and Customs Union, the OECD and the IEA. According to this, an environmental tax is defined as tax whose tax base is a physical unit that has a proven specific negative impact on the environment. Following these guidelines, Statistics Austria has published data on eco-taxes since 1995. Since 2011, the calculation of the eco-taxes is component of the EU regulation 691/2011, and the data transmission to Eurostat is therefore mandatory. In 2018, eco taxes amounted to EUR 9.6 billion, i.e. 0.6% more than in 2017. The share of energy and transport taxes made up about 92% of all environmental taxes. Resource and pollution taxes are of minor importance. In a “subsidiary account” further ecologically relevant cash flows are reported, which – although they are of increasing importance – are not included under eco-taxes. However, they have an analogue steering effect such as classic eco-taxes. It concerns payments such as water and sewage fees, parking fees as well as revenue from the motorway vignette or truck road pricing, which in total already amount to half of the eco-taxes.