Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries February 2020

Labour Force Projection 2019-2080

Update of the Labour Force Projection 2018

This article presents the most recent Labour Force Projection for Austria based on the medium variant of the population projection and labour participation rates extrapolated from the years 2004 to 2018 by sex and five years age groups by three variants. It describes the assumptions and how the stocks are projected to become demographically diverse over the time until 2080. Austria had a labour force of 4.58 million in 2018, the reference year for the new projection. According to the trend variant, the total labour force will increase to 4.75 million persons (+3.7%) until 2040 and to 4.77 million (+4.2%) in 2080. Due to population ageing the labour force will age as well. The share of persons in the labour force older than 55 years will increase from 16.2% (2018) to 22.7% in the year 2050. Hand in hand with population increase Vienna, the capital of Austria will see the highest growth in the labour force by 17.6% in the long run. Two additional variants show the development by a higher increase of labour participation (mobilisation variant) and a variant with constant labour force participation rates of the year 2018. This scenario allows quantifying the influence of shifts in population size and structure to the changes in the labour force.

Health Statistics 2018

Health is of enormous significance not only for the individual quality of life but – on a much larger scale – also represents an important societal value. Data on population health are of interest to all actors in public health. The article presents an overview of key health statistics in Austria, covering vital statistics, cause-of-death statistics, hospital discharge statistics and cancer statistics as well as data on conscripts, notifiable diseases, health resources and data from social insurance.

Care Services of the provinces 2018

In 2018, a total of 153 486 clients were cared for by outpatient services and 95 100 people in care lived in inpatient facilities that were financially supported by social assistance or the means-tested income scheme; 9 871 people claimed benefits of short-term care in inpatient facilities, and semi-inpatient services were provided to 8 188 people. Almost two-thirds (outpatient services) up to three-quarter (inpatient services) of the clients were women (end of 2018). The share of women among the care staff was even higher (84% up to 91%) than that among clients. The gross expenditure for long-term care benefits amounted to EUR 3.9 billion, the net expenditure to EUR 2.3 billion. Thus 59% of gross expenditure was borne by the provinces and the municipalities and 36% were covered by revenues of the recipients.

Aquaculture Production 2018

The aquaculture production statistics is based on the EU Regulation No. 762/2008 and has to be reported to Eurostat annually. In 2018 the production of fish for human consumption (direct sales or for the market) amounted to 4 084 tonnes, which is 5.7% more than in 2017. The main food fish categories were rainbow and salmon trouts (1 358 tonnes), common carps (647 tonnes) and brook trouts (511 tonnes). The data basis for the statistics of food fish production was derived from 492 active fish farms. In 2018 the production in hatcheries and nurseries amounted to 18.7 million eggs and 20.7 million juveniles of all ages. The majority of the egg production referred to brown and lake trouts (3.4 million), rainbow and salmon trouts (2.2 million) as well as brook trouts (2.2 million). The best represented species among juvenile fish production related to rainbow and salmon trouts (5.0 million), brown and lake trouts (2.8 million) as well as brook trouts (1.9 million).

CPI December 2019

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2015) in December 2019 amounted to 1.7% (November 2019: 1.1%). Fuels and heating oil no longer declined as heavily as they did in November which led to a relatively strong increase of the December inflation rate. Prices for housing, water and energy (+2.5% compared to December 2018) remained the most important price driver, followed by prices for restaurants and hotels (+3.4%). The index level of the CPI was 108.1 in December. Compared to the previous month, the average price level increased by 0.7%. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) in December 2019 was 108.69, with the harmonised inflation rate amounting to 1.8%.

R&D 2017 – International comparison

This article presents internationally comparable data about research and development (R&D) with a specific focus on 2017. In 2017, the research intensity of the EU has reached 2.07%. The European target of 3% is therefore not reached. In Austria, the research intensity 2017 was, according to Eurostat’s calculation, 3.05%, which is the third highest value within the EU. Altogether, in 2017 EUR 319 billion were spent on R&D in the European Union. 66% of the total R&D expenditure of the EU was made by businesses, 22% in the higher education sector. In 2017, around 3.1 million people (in full-time equivalents) were engaged in R&D, of which only 35% were females. Government budget allocations for R&D in the national budgets of the EU countries have been stagnating for several years and amounted to around EUR 99 billion in 2018.