Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries October 2019

Non-standard Employment - Corrigendum

Corrigendum of table 2 of the article „Income and Non-standard Employment in 2018” issued in September 9/2019. The table column for „Leih- und Zeitarbeit“ and „Freier Dienstvertrag“ have been swapped by mistake.

Index of Agreed Minimum Wages

Revision and coverage rate of collective agreements

The new “Index of Agreed Minimum Wages 16” rose from 2016 (base year) to 2018 by 4.2% on annual average. The highest increase of minimum wages in this period had the blue-collar workers (+4.4 per cent) whereas white-collar workers increased by 4.1% and civil servants by 3.7%. A survey of Statistics Austria estimates the coverage rate of collective agreements for the year 2016 at 94%. The highest coverage rate has the branch of trading companies (99%), the lowest rate have companies without economic chamber assignment (83%).

Child and Youth Welfare 2018

In 2018, a total of 36 255 children and adolescents received educational support while they remained in their families (“Unterstützung der Erziehung”), whereas 13 325 minors were in residential care or lived in foster families (“Volle Erziehung”). The percentage share of male minors was in both support services (Unterstützung der Erziehung: 55%; Volle Erziehung: 54%) higher than that of female minors.

The total expenditure (also including help for young adults) was EUR 660 million. The receipts out of reimbursements by the persons obliged to provide maintenance amounted to EUR 44 million (net expenditure: EUR 616 million). About three quarters of the total expenditure fell upon residential care and foster parents.

Foreign Trade January to June 2019 with special topic

Intra-EU asymmetries with comparability over space

Compared to the first half year 2018, the turnover of the Austrian foreign trade of the first six months 2019 (preliminary results) indicated an increase with regard to imports as well as to exports. Austrian imports of goods rose by 2.8% to EUR 79.69 billion; Austrian exports grew by 3.3% to EUR 77.60 billion. Foreign trade with EU member states showed a growth in both trade flows (intra-EU-imports: +2.0% to EUR 56.02 billion; intra-EU-exports: +3.0% to EUR 54.70 billion). The value of imports from third-countries was 4.7% higher than the year before and amounted to EUR 23.67 billion, while exports rose by 4.2% to EUR 22.90 billion.

The Austrian trading of goods balance registered a deficit of EUR 2.09 billion from January to June 2019, down from EUR 2.46 billion in the same period in 2018. The coverage rate of import values by export values amounted to 97.4%. Additional a special topic, the intra-EU asymmetries with comparability over space, is covered in this article.

Livestock Survey 1 June 2019

With reference day 1 June 2019, the number of pigs was calculated by a regression model, based on data of the Veterinary Information System (VIS), instead of a sample survey conducted directly by holdings as in the years before 2012. The number of pigs decreased by 1.0% to 2 652 000 head compared to the results of June 2018. The stock of cattle (determined by administrative sources since June 2004) decreased by 1.8% to 1 873 000 head. With regard to the reference day, the number of holdings with cattle dropped by 2.5% to 57 100 units within the last year. The average livestock density was again 33 head per holding.

CPI August 2019

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2015) amounted to 1.5% (July 2019: 1.4%), as Statistics Austria reports. Significantly higher prices for food were mainly responsible for the increase of the inflation rate in August. Prices for housing, water and energy (+3.0% compared to August 2018) proved to be the most important price driver, followed by prices for restaurants and hotels (+3.1%). The index level of the CPI was 106.5 in August. Compared to the previous month, the average price level increased by 0.1%. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was 106.33 in August 2019 (July 2019 revised: 106.26), with the harmonised inflation rate amounting to 1.4%.

EGSS 2014-2017

Environmental Goods and Services Sector

Within the framework of “Environmental Accounts” and according to the Eurostat concept “The Environmental Goods and Services Sector” (EGSS) economic variables of the environment industry are calculated every year since 2008. So far only output and employed persons were covered by EGSS. For the final data of 2014 to 2016 as well as the preliminary data of 2017 also gross value added, export and employment in full-time units can be presented. Due to this extension and some revisions (without recalculation of 2008 to 2013) it is not possible to compare the development over the whole time series from 2008 to 2017. Therefore only data for 2014 to 2017 are described. Furthermore, the employment associated with public transport activities is presented. Public transport is not part of the environmental goods and services sector but due to national demand the employment was analysed as additional information.

In 2017, the Austrian environmental goods and services sector (EGSS) generated an output of EUR 35.9 billion, a gross value added of EUR 13.9 billion (which corresponds to a share of 3.8% of GDP), as well as an export of EUR 10.7 billion (5.4% of total export). It employed 182 966 people (without public transport) and 159 121 full time units respectively. If public transport is included, 211 730 “Green Jobs” are measured for 2017. From 2014 to 2017, the environmental goods and services sector shows an increase in all observed variables – output +11.9%, gross value added +12.7%, export +35.8%, employed persons +1.0% as well as full time units +1.3%.