Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries September 2019

Income and non-standard Employment in 2018

In 2018 the number of employees (3.73 million) increased by 67 400 compared to 2017. 83% of all male but only 47% of all female employees worked in standard employment. Thus, for women in Austria non-standard employment (part time, marginal part time, limited contracts, temporary employment and free service contracts) is almost as frequent as standard employment. In 2017 the monthly net income of employees with a standard employment (EUR 2 350) was EUR 350 higher than the average income.

Demographic Structure and Trends in 2018

During the year 2018, the Austrian population increased by 36 508 to reach 8 858 775 inhabitants at the end of the year. 97 per cent of population growth was caused by migration gains whereas the natural balance only contributed a small share to total population growth. Continuing the trend of the past years, the number of foreign nationals increased (+43 043) while the number of Austrian nationals decreased (-6 535). This resulted in an increasing share of foreign residents in the Austrian population, rising from 15.8% at the beginning of the year to 16.2% at the end of the year.

The larger number of deaths in 2018 caused only minimal changes in life expectancy at birth (men: 79.3 years, women: 84.0 years). The total fertility rate decreased from 1.52 children per woman in 2017 to 1.48 in 2018. While the number of marriages increased in 2018, there were fewer couples entering into a registered partnership. The number of divorces and that of dissolutions of registered partnerships were comparable to the magnitude recorded in 2017.

Consumer Price Index of July 2019

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2015) amounted to 1.4% in July 2019, as Statistics Austria reports. Significantly lower prices for flight tickets were primarily responsible for the decrease of the inflation rate in July. Prices for housing, water and energy (+3.1% compared to July 2018) proved to be the most important price driver, followed by prices for restaurants and hotels (+3.2%). The index level of the CPI was 106.4 in July. Compared to the previous month the average price level decreased by 0.4%. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was 106.27 in July 2019, with the harmonised inflation rate amounting to 1.4%.

Energy Poverty

Microcensus energy consumption and income from EU-SILC

Energy poverty is about the (non-)affordability of energy, which is particularly relevant for low-income households, such as households at risk of poverty. To measure energy poverty, pragmatic approaches relate actual energy costs to the household incomes: In this article, energy poverty was defined as living in a household whose income is below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold and at the same time has to pay above-average energy costs for heating, hot water and electricity. For the project, income variables have been added to the Microcensus “Energy consumption of households” both from administrative data and through “Statistical Matching” with EU-SILC.

In 2016, on average 3.1% of households were affected by energy poverty, which corresponds to about 117,000 households in Austria. There are structural differences between households with energy poverty and the comparison group. For instance, households with highest school degree “primary school” were affected to 6.6% by energy poverty. Around 44% of people in households affected by energy poverty lived in buildings built until 1960, compared with only 29% in the comparison group. As a result, households in older buildings were above average (5%) affected by energy poverty.

Agenda 2030 – Austria-specific indicator set

Monitoring of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

In September 2015, the UN General Assembly adopted the “Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development” with 17 Sustainable Development Goals. Essential for the implementation of Agenda 2030 is the monitoring of the achievement of goals; this is done by an indicator set associated with the 17 Goals and their 169 Targets.

At national level, independent national statistical institutes such as Statistics Austria play an essential role. Accordingly, 2017Statistics Austria has developed a first Austria-specific indicator set based on UN Proposals, taking into account the requirements of the European Statistical System (ESS). This was done in consultation with Federal Ministries and the Federal Chancellery and further data owners like the Austrian Development Agency and the Environment Agency Austria.