Statistische Nachrichten - Summaries August 2019

Health Status of Newborns in 2018

The Austrian birth statistics provides with its medical and paramedical information important indicators for the health status of a newborn. In 2018, 84 764 babies were born alive, 271 were stillborn. Preterm birth is defined as birth of an infant between 22 and 36 weeks of completed gestation. Since preterm birth is the most frequent case of infant mortality as well as of health risk, the development of the preterm birth rate is a matter of particular interest. 7.3% of the babies were born preterm. 75.8% of all preterm births were due to infants born late preterm. Twins and higher order multiples have elevated preterm rates compared to singletons (5.7% and 59.0% respectively). Low birth weight (under 2 500 grams) occurred in 6.2% of live births. The percentage of newborns who are small-for-gestational-age, was 9.8% for singletons and 26.0% for multiple births. The mode of delivery was spontaneous in 63.6% of all live births, 14.1% were emergency C-sections, and 15.3% elective caesareans. The risk of infant mortality declined dramatically with increasing gestational age. Only 76.2% of infants born before 28 weeks of gestation survived the first year, whereas survival rates increased up to 99% for infants born at 32 and more weeks of gestation.

Consumption Module of EU-SILC 2017

This article presents the results of the consumption module that was implemented in EU-SILC 2017. In the light of the revision of the legal basis of EU-SILC, modules on wealth, overindebtedness and consumption were tested – countries were free to participate and test particular aspects of this broader topic. Austria volunteered to test the consumption module. Aim of the module was the test of the questionnaire and the interest in the topics of wealth, overindebtedness, and consumption. These topics can subsequently be analysed with other variables of EU-SILC. For a full understanding of the wellbeing and the economic situation of households a deeper understanding of the interaction of income, wealth, expenditures and debts is inevitable. Additionally, the variables on consumption and wealth in EU-SILC can then be used as anchor-variables for a statistical matching with the Household Budget Survey (HBS) and the Household Finance and Consumption Survey (HFCS). The first part of the article describes the recording of consumption expenditures and the development of the module of EU-SILC 2017. The following part presents the results of the survey and compares these results with the results of the Household Budget Survey (HBS) 2014/15. The next chapter deals with the model that was used to estimate the total expenditures and which is based on the module questions. The closing chapter formulates conclusions and presents an outlook on further work for a consumption module in EU-SILC and the efforts to develop a joint distribution of income and consumption.

Foreign Trade in the year 2018

Final results in context with other economic data

Compared to the year 2017, the turnover of the Austrian foreign trade in 2018 (final results) increased with regard to imports as well as to exports. Austrian imports of goods rose by 5.7% to EUR 156.06 billion; Austrian exports grew by 5.5% to EUR 150.10 billion. Foreign trade with EU member states showed a growth in both trade flows (intra-EU-imports: +5.5% to EUR 110.32 billion; intra-EU-exports: +5.9% to EUR 104.94 billion). Imports and exports from third-countries rose (extra-EU-imports: +6.4% to EUR 45.74 billion; extra-EU-exports: +5.3% to EUR 45.13 billion). The Austrian trading of goods balance registered a deficit of EUR 5.99 billion in the year 2018 while in the year 2017 the balance had shown a deficit of EUR 5.60 billion. The coverage rate of import values by export values amounted to 96.2%.

Production and Usage of Milk 2018

In 2018 a total of 3 821 000 tonnes (+2.9%) of raw milk was produced by 538 000 dairy cows kept in Austria (-0.5%). The average annual milk yield rose to 7 100 kg per animal (+3.5%). With 3 391 000 tonnes (+2.3%), the largest share of raw milk produced by cows was provided to manufacturing enterprises (88.7% of the production). Apart from a minor waste, the remaining raw milk was used on farms: 260 000 tonnes (6.8% of the production) were fed to calves or other domestic animals and 132 000 tonnes (3.5% of the production) were used for human consumption. The 28 400 (+3.8%) dairy sheep held in Austria produced a total of 12 700 tonnes of raw milk (+5.9%). The average annual milk yield increased to 447 kg per sheep (+2.1%). 9 800 tonnes (77.0%) of the raw milk produced were used for human consumption either directly or in processed form and 2 800 tonnes (22.0% of the production) for other purposes like feeding. The rest of the production was accounted as waste. With an increase of 13.1% a total of 26 100 tonnes of raw goat milk was produced in 2018. The average annual milk yield of the 38 600 dairy goats (+10.4%) rose to 676 kg per goat (+2.4%). 22 800 tonnes (87.5%) of the raw milk produced were intended for human consumption only. The remaining 3 000 tonnes (11.5% of the production) were put to other use or recorded as waste.

Consumer Price Index of June 2018

The inflation rate of the Consumer Price Index (CPI, base year 2015) amounted to 1.6% in June 2019, as Statistics Austria reports. Cheaper fuels were mainly responsible for the decrease of the June inflation rate, whereas in May fuels had become more expensive. Expenditures for housing, water and energy (+3.1% compared to June 2018) proved to be the most important price driver, followed by expenditures for restaurants and hotels (+3.1%). The index level of the CPI was 106.8 in June. Compared to the previous month May, the average price level increased by 0.1%. The index level of the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP, base year 2015) was 107.11 in June 2019 (May 2019: 107.18 revised) with the harmonised inflation rate amounting to 1.6%.

2017 Structural Business Statistics

Structural business statistics illustrate the structure of performance and costs, income and turnover, employment and investments of enterprises. The information is also used to compare the structure and competitiveness of Austrian enterprises within Europe. The Austrian strategy foresees a threshold sample in connection with use of administrative sources and model based estimation for enterprises below thresholds. This article deals with the results of the EU-harmonised structural business statistics of the production and service enterprises in sections B to N and division S95 of ÖNACE 2008 for the reference year 2017. 338 948 enterprises with 2 966 466 persons employed achieved a turnover of EUR 759.4 billion, resulting in a production value of EUR 501.2 billion and a value added at factor costs of EUR 209.3 billion. The personnel costs for the 2 648 004 employees were EUR 126.1 billion and total investments corresponded to EUR 38.8 billion. The comparison of industries and construction with trade and services revealed that while just over four fifths (80.3%) of enterprises operated in the services branches, the share of persons employed was 66.4%. In terms of the gross value added at factor costs, industries and construction accounted for 39.6% and the services sector for 60.4%, while more than two-thirds (70.0%) of total investment and 62.1% of turnover was made in the services sector. The results according to size classes of persons employed reflect the structure of the Austrian economy, which is predominantly characterised by small businesses. For the reporting year 2017, it emerged that 295 267 enterprises (87.1%) operated with less than ten employed persons. However, the enterprises in this size class achieved only 17.0% of total turnover and 18.8% of gross value added at factor costs. By contrast, 1 198 enterprises (0.4%) had 250 and more employed persons. Enterprises of this size, employed about a third (32.6%) of all employed persons, representing a share of 36.6% of turnover, 38.6% of the gross value added at factor costs, and 37.1% of investment. Value added at factor costs by size classes of persons employed shows that services accounted for the highest share of value added (60.4%) in enterprises with less than ten persons employed, whereas industry had a rather high share of value added (48.2%) in enterprises with 250 and more persons employed.