Austrian research intensity expected to be 3.26% in 2022
Half of Austrian R&D expenditure funded by businesses
In 2022, businesses will presumably fund 51% of the total Austrian R&D expenditure (€7.16 bn). R&D funding by enterprises also includes reimbursements of R&D costs via the research premium ("Forschungsprämie") which the Federal Ministry of Finance estimates at €1 billion in 2022. The government sector will fund about €4.7 bn which amounts to approx. 33% of total R&D funding. The largest share comes from the federal government (€3.9 bn). The regional governments ("Bundesländer") will contribute somewhat more than €600 million to R&D funding. €2.2 bn (16%) will be financed from abroad, mostly by enterprises whose affiliates carry out R&D in Austria.
Austrian research intensity third within the EU
Compared to other EU countries, Austria had the third
highest R&D expenditure in 2020; it was only surpassed by Sweden
(3.53%) and Belgium (3.48%). Only two more countries have met the European
target of an R&D intensity of 3%: Germany (3.14%) and Denmark (3.03%).
Finland (2.94%) and France (2.35%) are the two other countries whose
R&D intensity lies above the EU average. Due to the massive economic
crisis in 2020 the R&D intensity of the EU
For more detailed results and further information concerning R&D statistics please refer to our website.
Information on methods: The global estimate of gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) is based on results from R&D surveys as well as other currently available documents and information, particularly the R&D-relevant budget appropriations and final outlays of the federal government ("Bund") and the regional governments ("Länder"), the latest macro-economic forecasts and estimates of around 150 large R&D performing enterprises on the year 2020. Expenditures on and funding for expenditures on R&D performed in Austria is presented according to the definitions of the Frascati Manual, which is valid world-wide (OECD, EU). Reimbursements from the R&D tax incentive ("research premium") are, in line with the recommendations of the Frascati Manual, considered as funding by the business enterprise sector. Data for the years 2002, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017, and 2019 are results from detailed R&D surveys among R&D performing institutions, which are usually carried out every two years. Values for the remaining years are estimates based on information which was available at the time of the respective estimate.
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Social Statistics, Statistics Austria:
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