Press release: 12.741-039/22

More cattle, sheep and goats, but fewer pigs in 2021; slight increase in slaughterings

Vienna, 2022-02-16 – As of 1 December 2021, a total of 1.87 million cattle was kept in Austria, 0.8% or 14 700 animals more than in 2020, as Statistics Austria reports. The number of pigs decreased by 0.7% or 20 900 animals to a total of 2.79 million. In the same period the stock of sheep rose by 2.2% to 402 000 and that of goats by 8.5% to 101 000 animals. The number of examined slaughterings in 2021 remained almost unchanged compared to 2020 for cattle, while pig slaughterings increased. There were fewer slaughters than in the previous year for calves, sheep, goats and equids.

Number of cattle increased slightly

Compared to 1 December 2020, the stock of young cattle less than one year old increased by 2.1% to 611 000 animals. The number of calves for slaughter rose to 154 000 (+2.1%) and that of other calves and young cattle to 457 000 animals (+2.1%; see table 1).

With a plus of 1.6% the number of young cattle one to less than two years old increased to 421 000 animals. The stock of bulls and oxen (+3.4% to 161 000) grew as well as that of heifers for production and breeding (+0.5% to 180 000) and heifers for slaughter (+0.5% to 80 000 animals).

A decline of 0.5% to 838 000 animals was recorded in the group of cattle aged at least two years. Compared to the previous year, the number of heifers for slaughter (-1.1% to 18 700), heifers for production and breeding (-1.1% to 86 700) and other cows (-2.6% to 186 000) fell. While the stock of bulls and oxen (+0.4% to 20 500) and dairy cows (+0.3% to 526 000) rose.

The number of farms keeping cattle on the reference day decreased by 2.5% to 53 700. The average livestock density rose to 35 cattle per holding (2020: 34 cattle).

Total pig stock decreased

Compared to 2020, declines were recorded for the stocks of pigs for breeding (-1.1% to 228 000 animals) and piglets and young pigs (-1.5% to 1.38 million). The number of pigs for fattening (+0.2% to 1.17 million) slightly increased (see table 2).

In detail, the number of piglets (-1.4% to 655 000) and young pigs (-1.6% to 728 000 animals) dropped. While the number of pigs for fattening weighing 50 to less than 80 kg fell (-3.7% to 537 000), the number of fattening pigs weighing 80 to less than 110 kg (+4.4% to 484 000) and pigs with at least 110 kg of weight rose (+2.1% to 153 000). Among breeding sows, both the number of young breeding sows (-2.1% to 45 200) and that of old breeding sows (-1.0% to 179 000) declined. The total number of covered breeding sows fell to 158 000 animals (-2.7%).

At regional level, the share of the three most relevant Laender (federal states) for pig production – Upper Austria, Lower Austria and Styria – slightly increased to 93.7% of the total stock (2020: 93.6%).

More sheep and goats

The number of sheep increased in both categories, the number of ewes and ewe lambs put to the ram (+2.0% to 240 000 animals) and other sheep (+2.4% to 162 000). With a plus of 6.7%, compared to December 2020, the stock of goats that have already kidded and mated goats rose to 63 800 animals and that of other goats increased by 11.5% to 36 800 animals (see table 2).

Total number of slaughterings increased slightly in 2021

Compared to the previous year, the number of examined pig slaughterings rose by 1.2% to 5.12 million in 2021. While cattle slaughterings remained almost unchanged at 591 000 (+/-0.0%), the number of examined slaughtered calves (-1.1% to 55 600), sheep (-7.8% to 167 000), goats (-5.3% to 10 900) and equids (-1.6% to 419) decreased compared to 2020 (see table 3).

At regional level, Upper Austria reported the highest share of examined slaughterings concerning cattle (32.4%), goats (33.5%) and equids (47.3%). However, the most pig slaughterings (40.3%) took place in Styria, whereas Lower Austria was leading in sheep slaughterings (44.4%) and Tyrol in calve slaughterings (22.4%).

For more detailed results and further information concerning statistics of livestock and slaughterings please refer to our website.

Information on methods, definitions  
Livestock
: These statistics are based on regulation (EC) No 1165/2008 concerning livestock and meat statistics; implemented under Ordinance Federal Law Gazette II No. 163/2012 (available in German only) issued by the Federal Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, Environment and Water Management.  
The bovine livestock was determined through an evaluation of the central cattle database pursued by Agrarmarkt Austria in combination with data from the Association of Austrian Cattle Breeders. The administrative data were consolidated by the Federal Institute of Agricultural Economics, Rural and Mountain Research, which also subsequently processed the results.  
The data on the stock of pigs, sheep and goats was collected by a separated livestock sample survey at around 7 000 holdings directly.  
Slaughterings: The statistics are based on data from the consumer health information system or the Carinthian veterinary administration.

 

Table 1: Number of cattle on 1 December 2021
Categories1 December 20201 December 2021Change in %
Cattle in total1 855 4321 870 100+0.8
   Young cattle less than 1 year old598 598611 007+2.1
   Young cattle 1 to less than 2 years old414 397421 075+1.6
   Cattle 2 years and older842 437838 018-0.5
Holdings with cattle55 01953 656-2.5
Table 2: Number of pigs, sheep and goats on 1 December 2021
Categories1 December 20201 December 2021Change in %
Pigs in total2 806 4612 785 587-0.7
   Piglets and young pigs below 50 kg live weight1 404 0471 383 058-1.5
   Pigs for fattening, 50 kg live weight and above1 171 8331 174 531+0.2
   Pigs for breeding, 50 kg live weight and above230 581227 998-1.1
Sheep in total393 764402 345+2.2
Goats in total92 758100 601+8.5
Table 3: Examined slaughterings 2021 in head
Categories20202021Change in %
Equids426419-1.6
Calves56 26255 646-1.1
Cattle590 402590 524+/-0.0
Pigs5 056 5155 115 428+1.2
Sheep181 512167 387-7.8
Goats11 50510 896-5.3

For further inquiries please contact Directorate Spatial Statistics, Statistics Austria:  
regarding livestock:  
Franz NEUMANN, Tel. +43 1 71128-7120 resp. franz.neumann@statistik.gv.at and 
DI Martina WIESINGER, Tel. +43 1 71128-7959 resp. martina.wiesinger@statistik.gv.at 
regarding slaughterings:  
Franz NEUMANN, Tel. +43 1 71128-7120 resp. franz.neumann@statistik.gv.at and 
Martin LIPP, Tel. +43 1 71128-7305 resp. martin.lipp@statistik.gv.at

Media owner, producer and publisher: 
STATISTICS AUSTRIA, Federal Institution under Public Law 
1110 Vienna, Austria, Guglgasse 13, Tel.: +43 1 71128-7777 
presse@statistik.gv.at  
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