Press release: 12.547-138/21
– In May 2021, the inflation rate was
2.8%, as Statistics Austria reports (April 2021: 1.9%). Higher prices
especially for fuels but also for food, home furniture and clothing
were mainly responsible for the increase of the May inflation rate.
Expenditures for transport (+5.3% compared to May 2020) proved to be
the most important price driver for the first time since October 2018.
Expenditures for housing, water and energy (+3.0%) was the second important
The consumer price index
(CPI 2020) was at 102.1, while the average price level increased
by 0.3% compared to April 2021.
"The increased inflation of currently 2.8% can
mainly be attributed to the very low fuel and energy prices a year ago,
which have since recovered. This has particularly affected the transport
sector, which in May 2021 was the strongest price driver year-on-year
for the first time since October 2018, with a price increase of 5.3%.
In the coming months, however, the price-driving effect of the now recovered
fuel and energy prices will be less pronounced," says Statistics Austria
Director General Tobias Thomas.
The measures to contain COVID-19 had less impact on
the calculation of the inflation rate
than in April, because the regional lockdown in the federal states Vienna,
Lower Austria and Burgenland was ended and therefore in May nationwide
the retail sector, personal services like hairdressers and museums and
zoos had opened. As in the previous months, the most affected sectors
were: gastronomy, theatre, tourism, entertainment, leisure and sport.
Where necessary, different imputation methods like seasonal imputation,
all items imputation or carry-forward were applied. In total, this affected
about 13.7% of the weight of the basket of goods and services. For further
in-depth explanation of the general principles and applied computation
methods, please refer to the methodological
information note (PDF, 1 MB) on the compilation of the CPI
in the context of COVID-19.
The index level of the harmonised
index of consumer prices (HICP 2015)
was 111.04 in May 2021 with a harmonised inflation rate at 3.0%.
For more detailed information please refer to the German
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Last Changed 17.06.2021