The survey on research and experimental development (R&D survey) is a biennial census survey conducted on odd calendar years in all economic sectors and is based on the R&D statistics regulation.
In addition to R&D expenditures, funding and personnel, the objective of the research is also recorded. Breakdowns of the results are available by major fields of science, types of expenditure, source of funds, function and types of R&D and are provided within 18 months of the end of the calendar year of the reference period. The methodological basis is the OECD’s Frascati Manual.
The higher education sector (HES) is unique as it has no counterpart in the System of National Accounts (SNA); it comprises all institutions that provide tertiary education in Austria. Its institutions can be classified to any SNA sector depending on their characteristics. However, due to their relevance to the research landscape these institutions are reclassified and summarised in the HES.