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Goal 14: Life below Water

General information

Goal 14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development;

All indicators proposed by the UN for Goal 14 specifically address life in oceans and seas. They are therefore not statistically relevant for a landlocked country like Austria, even if Austria, for example, uses marine resources or contributes pollutants or nutrients to marine ecosystems through its river systems (for which no indicators are currently available).

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Preview image for 'Agenda 2030 SDG‑Indicators Report 2021' Agenda 2030 SDG‑Indicators Report 2021

Since 2017, Statistics Austria produces a comprehensive set of around 200 indicators. This allows a…



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By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution;

  • Index of coastal eutrophication; and plastic debris density No review

By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans;

  • Number of countries using ecosystem-based approaches to managing marine areas No review

Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels;

  • Average marine acidity (pH) No review

By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics;

  • Proportion of fish stocks within biologically sustainable levels No review

By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information;

  • Coverage of protected areas in relation to marine areas No review

By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation (Taking into account ongoing World Trade Organization negotiations, the Doha Development Agenda and the Hong Kong ministerial mandate);

  • Degree of implementation of international instruments aiming to combat illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing No review

By 2030, increase the economic benefits to small island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism;

  • Sustainable fisheries as a proportion of GDP No review
Last updated on 2023-03-15.
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