Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production

General information


Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns;


Target 12.1

Implement the 10-Year Framework of Programmes on Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns, all countries taking action, with developed countries taking the lead, taking into account the development and capabilities of developing countries;

  • Environmental turnover or, as of 2018, environmental production value No review

Target 12.2

By 2030, achieve the sustainable management and efficient use of natural resources;

  • Total raw material consumption (RMC) - material footprint No review
  • Raw material consumption (RMC) - material footprint, per capita No review
  • Raw material consumption (RMC) - material footprint per real GDP No review
  • Total domestic material consumption, DMC Moderate negative
  • Domestic material consumption, DMC, per capita Moderate positive
  • Domestic material consumption (DMC), per real GDP Moderate positive

Target 12.3

By 2030, halve per capita global food waste at the retail and consumer levels and reduce food losses along production and supply chains, including post-harvest losses;

  • Food loss index and food waste index Data gap

Target 12.4

By 2020, achieve the environmentally sound management of chemicals and all wastes throughout their life cycle, in accordance with agreed international frameworks, and significantly reduce their release to air, water and soil in order to minimize their adverse impacts on human health and the environment;

  • Number of parties to international multilateral environmental agreements on hazardous waste, and other chemicals No review
  • Amount of hazardous waste No review

Target 12.5

By 2030, substantially reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse;

  • Recycling rate of waste Moderate positive

Target 12.6

Encourage companies, especially large and transnational companies, to adopt sustainable practices and to integrate sustainability information into their reporting cycle;

  • EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Scheme), organisatons Moderate positive
  • EMAS (Eco-Management and Audit Scheme), locations Significant positive
  • Businesses with an eco-label license Significant positive
  • Products and services with eco-label license Significant positive

Target 12.7

Promote public procurement practices that are sustainable, in accordance with national policies and priorities;

  • National action plan for sustainable public procurement largely archived

Target 12.8

By 2030, ensure that people everywhere have the relevant information and awareness for sustainable development and lifestyles in harmony with nature;

  • Global Citizenship and sustainable development in national education policies Data gap